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Flashcards in 00 Pain Management Deck (47)
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1

What is the MOA of Salicylates?

IRREVERSIBLY inhibit COX-1 and COX-2, prevent prostaglandin formation, inhibit platelet aggregation

2

What is the generic name of Cystex?

Sodium Salicylate (nonacetylated salicylate)

3

When should Cystex be avoided?

(Sodium Salicylate): avoid in sodium-restricted patients, cardiovascular disease

4

What is the generic name of Doan's?

Magnesium Salicylate

5

When should Doan's be avoided?

(Magnesium Salicylate): Avoid in renal insufficiency

6

What medications fall under the Enolic Acids (NSAIDs)?

Meloxicam, Piroxicam

7

What medications fall under the Acetic Acids (NSAIDs)?

Diclofenac, Etodolac, Sulindac, Ketorolac

8

What medications fall under the Propionic Acids (NSAIDs)?

Ibuprofen, Naproxen, Ketoprofen

9

What medication falls under the COX-2 Inhibitor (NSAID)?

Celecoxib (only one left on the market)

10

What is important to know about the length of use for Ketorolac?

More GI toxicity than other NSAIDs, not to exceed more than 5 days of use

11

Which NSAIDs have once daily dosing?

Meloxicam, Piroxicam, Nabumetone, Oxaprozin

12

Which NSAID is commonly used for gout exacerbations?

Indomethacin

13

What is NSAID use like in pregnancy?

Generally avoid. Category B 1st & 2nd trimester, Category D in 3rd

14

What are the opiate side effects?

SPEND: Sedation, Postural hypotension, Euphoria, Nausea, Derm rashes. SCRAM: Sex hormone drugs needed, Constipation, Respiratory depression, Addiction, Miosis

15

What is the drug of choice for pain associated with myocardial infarction?

Morphine

16

What impairment is morphine not a good choice with?

Renal impairment

17

What is the generic name of Roxanol?

IR Morphine (Q4h)

18

What is the generic name of Kadian?

CR Morphine (Q12h)

19

What is the generic name of MS Contin?

CR Morphine (Q12h)

20

What is the generic name of Avinza?

ER Morphine (Q24h)

21

What is the generic name of Lorcet?

Hydrocodone + APAP

22

What is the generic name of Lortab?

Hydrocodone + APAP

23

What is the generic name of Tylenol #3?

Codeine + APAP

24

What is the generic name of OxyIR?

IR Oxycodone (Q4-6h)

25

What is the generic name of Oxycontin?

ER Oxycodone (Q12h)

26

What is the generic name of Dilaudid?

IR Hydromorphone (Q4-6h)

27

What is the generic name of Exalgo?

ER Hydromorphone (Q24h)

28

What is the generic name of Opana?

Oxymorphone

29

What is the generic name of Ultram?

Tramadol

30

What is the MOA of Ultram (Tramadol)?

Inhibits reuptake of serotonin and norepinephrine