Flashcards in 00 Travelers Medicine Deck (11)
What are the two vaccines required for specific regions?
Meningococcal for Saudi Arabia (during the period of the Hajj and Umrah pilgrimages). Yellow fever for certain parts of sub-Saharan Africa and South America
Approximately how many days are required after vaccination for meningococcal for development of protective antibody levels?
What needs to be given to someone that comes in for a yellow fever vaccine?
An "International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis", commonly referred to as a "yellow card"
When should yellow fever vaccine not be given?
Hypersensitivity to eggs or gelatin. Live vaccine, avoid in pregnancy and immunosuppressed
What are the most common malaria species seen in humans?
P. vivax (causes up to 65% of malaria cases). P. falciparum (most deadly species)
What is the generic name of Larium?
Mefloquine (malaria prophylaxis)
What is the generic name of Malarone?
Atovaquone/Proguanil (malaria prophylaxis)
What are the common medications used for malaria prophylaxis?
Mefloquine, Atovaquone/Proguanil, Chloroquine, Primaquine
What does the CDC require prior to initiating treatment with Primaquine?
Screening for G6PD deficiency
What is Vivotif Berna?
Vaccination for typhoid which consists of 4 capsules, 1 taken every other day with cool liquid. Pills need to be refrigerated. Regimen should be completed 1 week prior to travel. IM vaccination needs to be given 2+ weeks before expected exposure