Flashcards in 5.2 Adrenal glands Deck (19):
where are adrenal glands located?
top of each kidney
what are the two parts of the adrenal glands?
what are the adrenal medulla and cortex surrounded by?
is the adrenal medulla the inner or outer region?
what type of hormone does the adrenal medulla produce? give an example
non essential hormones
is the adrenal cortex the inner or outer region?
what type of hormone does the adrenal cortex produce
what is the adrenal cortex controlled by?
hormones released by the pituitary
the adrenal cortex produces glucocorticoids what are they involved in?
regulating blood pressure and cardiovascular function in response to stress
how do glucocorticoids (adrenal cortex) regulate metabolism?
control conversion of fats, proteins and carbohydrates
give and example of a glucocorticoid (adrenal cortex):
the adrenal cortex produces mineralcorticoids what do they help control?
how do mineralcorticoids (adrenal cortex) help control blood pressure?
through maintaining balance between salt and water concentrations in the blood
give an example of a mineralcorticoid:
the adrenal cortex releases androgens what do they do?
release small amounts of sex hormones with small impacts
the adrenal medulla releases hormones when which nervous system is stimulated?
when the sympathetic nervous system is stimulated
the adrenal medulla secretes adrenaline what does this do?
increases heart rate sending blood quickly to the muscles and brain
increases blood glucose conc by converting glycogen to glucose in the liver
noradrenaline works with adrenaline in response to what?