9.13 Behavioral Science in Medicine 1, 2, 3 Flashcards Preview

Foundations Exam 3 > 9.13 Behavioral Science in Medicine 1, 2, 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 9.13 Behavioral Science in Medicine 1, 2, 3 Deck (51):
1

in operant conditioning, something that decreases behavior

punishment

2

what is a fixed ratio reinforcement schedule?

the ratio of behaviors to rewards is fixed. for example, one reward every 12 behaviors.

3

The feelings that doctors have towards a patient that comes from the doctor’s past experiences (not specifically with that patient). Applying a past schema to this patient.

countertransference

4

_______ ______ reinforcement schedules are the most resistant to extinction

variable

5

_______ _______ reinforcement schedules are the easiest to distinguish

fixed-ratio

6

list three examples of schemas

person schema (about another person)
self-schema
role schema (medical student, mother, doctor, etc)

7

in operant conditioning, if something is "positive" it is ________

added

8

_______ psychology studies how we think, including how we perceive, remember, apply schemas, allocate attention, priming effects

cognitive psychology

9

fixed interval

when behaviors are not discrete but over time. like studying or coming to work (a cookie after an hour of studying)

10

putting a toddler in timeout is an example of ________ _______

positive punishment

11

what is the unit of analysis of psychology?

an individual

12

The study of psychopathology and its remediation/management, including the use of treatments such as medications.

psychiatry

13

thinking about how you think is called __________

metacognition

16

_________ psychology studies the ways people differ in their responses to life situations (introverted, extroverted, level of emotional intelligence, how much they care about what people think of them )

personality psychology

17

_________________ occurs when a person becomes anxious they might confirm a negative stereotype about their social group, this anxiety may actually cause them to perform "worse" and in effect confirm the stereotype

stereotype threat

18

what is the unit of analysis of sociology?

a social group

19

in operant conditioning, something that increases behavior

reinforcer

20

which discipline of behavioral science? How we think and what we do. And why we do what we do. Behavior and causes

psychology

21

_________ can be used to move behavior in a particular direction if the desired result will not spontaneously occur (cutting back on smoking a few cigarettes at a time)

shaping

22

the person/character/mask we present to the world as being. We implicitly ask to be taken to be what we claim to be.

face

23

the set of all feelings and ideas someone has about a particular thing (including variations and assumptions. All the stuff you know about “x”.

schema

25

giving something good for doing something good is ____________ _____________

positive reinforcement

26

refers to the minds propensity to think about something it sees more than something it sees less. Either personal connection or you see the name/thing more often

cognitive accessibility

27

Uses behavioral methods to influence patient behaviors towards decreasing disease and increasing health.

behavioral medicine and health psychology

29

occurs when we perform in ways inconsistent with the face we claim, and can occur when we impinge on a patients autonomy

face threat

31

Study of psychopathology in interactions between people, including couples, extended families, friends, business partners, medical offices.

family therapy

32

the transferring of a map/schema learned earlier, particularly growing up, to a present situation where it doesn’t fit well. If growing up, someone’s parents are uninterested in their point of view, judgmental, etc., they may transfer that schema to a doctor as an “authority figure”

transference

33

_________ psychology also studies the principles of psychopathology and overlaps with psychiatry but does not focus on medications, instead on psychotherapy

clinical psychology

34

________ _________ occurs through reward and punishment, reward for good behavior and punishment for bad. Idea is that if a behavior is followed by something good, it will become more frequent

operant conditioning

35

o The study of how societies/cultures differ in their functioning.

anthropology

36

in operant conditioning, if something is "negative", it is _________

taken away

37

what can we do as doctors to save face of patients?

support, not correct mistakes, do not be judgmental
acceptance and autonomy

38

_______ _______ studies how people think in social contexts, including antecedents and consequences. how your feelings in a moment may affect interactions with a patients, to stereotyping a patient

social cognition

39

The study of psychological factors that influence physical disease.

psychosomatic medicine

40

unit of analysis in anthropology:

usually a specific culture or subculture

40

_________ are rigidly applied schemas and the assumptions are acted on without any consideration of the individual person

stereotypes

40

the desire to have you see me as I think I am. We often expand effort to have people believe something about us that we believe is true, even when it isn’t about being seen positively. what is this called?

self-verification

41

our professor wants us to see him as knowledgeable, smart, a good teacher, and he will behave in ways that will make that more likely. what is this called?

self-enhancement

42

you are more likely to prescribe a drug that is on all of your pens and sticky pads and clipboards. what is this called

cognitive accessibility

43

what is this an example of?
If growing up, someone’s parents are uninterested in their point of view, judgmental, etc., they may use that schema to a doctor as an “authority figure

transference

43

The desire for people to see you in a positive light and the act of behaving in ways that will make that more likely. When this is overdone, it is called bragging.

self-enhancement

46

what is a variable ratio reinforcement schedule?

provides an award on AVERAGE every for example, 12 times a behavior is done. Maybe one time after 10, one time after 14.

47

_______ psychology studies how we act and react in the presence of others. How we perceive social situations, influence one another, patterns in relationships

social psychology

47

The act of trying to manage the impressions others have of us. For example, there are parts of the past we would keep to ourselves, but others we would mention. All stems from the importance of how people see us.

impression management

49

________ ______ studies the principles of classical and operant conditioning. How our brains are wired to learn, as well as how they are not wired to learn

learning theory

49

sometimes self-enhancement may conflict with ____________

self verification

49

taking away something good (no dessert unless you eat veggies) is an example of __________ __________

negative punishment

50

which discipline of behavioral science? The study of human communications. Such as: nonverbal communication, persuasion, social support, deception, politeness, conflict management.

communication

50

o The study of how society functions. Effects of socioeconomic status, race, gender, etc, as well as the organization and functioning of professions, including putting people into roles.
o Important in understanding public behavior.

sociology

51

a feeling of clash between two cognitions; having cognitions with odds at one another is uncomfortable.

cognitive dissonance

51

cognitive dissonance states that people try to resolve dissonance between cognitions by:

changing one or more of their cognitions