9.15 Implicit Bias Lecture and TL Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 9.15 Implicit Bias Lecture and TL Deck (24):
1

a negative attitude towards a group and its individual members. commonly thought to include dislike and even hate but could also be fear, jealousy, disgust, etc.

prejudice

2

the socially shared beliefs about a group and its individual members. schemas of information we collect and store about a group of people

stereotypes

3

negative BEHAVIOR directed towards a group and its individual members. could be big or subtle

discrimination

4

the practice of DISCRIMINATION based on gender

sexism

5

the study of how people cope with being the target of stereotyping, prejudice, or discrimination

social stigma

6

the 4 steps leading to intergroup bias:

1. categorization (based on schemas)
2. activation of stereotypes
3. we behave differently towards the person. stereotypes elicit attitudes and emotional responses, emotions
4. discrimination (negative behavior towards and individual)

7

_______ involves breaking people into groups

categorization

8

what are the two factors in the stereotype content model?

warmth and competence

9

what groups fall in this quadrant of the stereotype content model?
elderly, disables, effeminate gay men, housewives, white immigrants

high warmth, low competence

10

what groups fall in this quadrant of the stereotype content model?
Canadians, christians, closeted gay med, middle class whites

high warmth, high competence

11

what groups fall in this quadrant of the stereotype content model?
poor african americans and whites, undocumented immigrants, homeless people, drug addicts

low warmth, low competence

12

what groups fall in this quadrant of the stereotype content model?
African American professionals, asian immigrants, Jewish Americans, lesbians, professional women, doctors

low warmth, high competence

13

where do we learn our biases?

the broader culture and the people with whom we interact (parents, siblings, peers, teachers, etc)

14

stereotyping occurs when people use group-based information as an ending point, not a ______________.

starting point

15

Identify the four conditions under which stereotyping and prejudice are most likely to cause discrimination

1. you have little information about the group
2. you are physically/mentally fatigued
3. You are multitasking or distracted
4. you are working quickly

16

_______ bias:
Often unconscious, very fast and requires little effort and no motivation.
- Reflexive system, automatic thinking
- We don’t have a sense of control or agency over this system.
- Relies on associations stored in memory.

implicit bias

17

______ bias:
Reflective system, controlled thinking. Effortful and requires motivation.
- Conscious, explicit
- You can decide and concentrate on specific things.

explicit bias

18

the implicit associations test (IAT) provides what evidence?

evidence that physicians show implicit bias in healthcare
(speed of categorizing words)

19

epidemiology and cultural competency represent ________-based reasoning. Is this always bad?

schema
no! just don't miscategorize, overgeneralize, or use incorrect information

20

a trend of thought that favors equality for all people.

egalitarian goals

21

change the way you categorize your patient by focusing on a shared identity. This essentially re-categorizes the patient from a member of an out-group to a member of an in-group. What is this called?

common identity strategy

22

common identity strategy re-organizes the patient from an ____ group to an ______ group

out
in

23

acquiring information that is opposite to the cultural stereotypes about their group.

counter-stereotype

24

take the perspective of the stigmatized patient. Imagine and appreciate the difficult situation they are in (or the group is in).

perspective taking