9.27 Intro to Ethical Decision Making Flashcards Preview

Foundations Exam 3 > 9.27 Intro to Ethical Decision Making > Flashcards

Flashcards in 9.27 Intro to Ethical Decision Making Deck (12):
1

Physicians have an obligation to treat similar cases in a similar fashion. What principle is this?

justice

2

Respect the patient’s decision. What principle is this?

autonomy

3

Fair distribution of health care resources, promoting justice in the health care system in general. Resources should be equitably allocated to all patients. What principle is this?

justice

4

What approach to ethics is this?
uses claims, grounds, and warrants of a particular case are compared with similar cases. How a general moral precept is to be understood in a similar set of circumstances. Case-base ethics.

casuistry ethical approaches

5

“do no harm”. Refrain from providing ineffective or harmful treatments, or acting with malice towards patients. what principle is this?

nonmaleficence

6

Patients are rational agents involved in making informed and voluntary decisions. We must respect the patient’s capacity to act intentionally without controlling influences that would mitigate against a free and voluntary act. What principle is this?

autonomy

7

“do good”. The duty to be of benefit for the patient. what principle is this?

beneficence

8

when someone comes in unconscious and you haven’t talked to them about your wishes, still do everything life-saving since you want to benefit the person in the biggest way possible. what principle is this?

beneficence

9

What approach to ethics is this?
focuses on the morality of actions, rather than the applied principles. Looks at things such as wisdom, respect, honesty, benevolence (do good). which of the primary virtues are expressed through which action? Character-based.

virtue-based ethical approach

10

Do the benefits outweigh the risks? We must not intentionally induce needless harm or injury to the patient, either through acts of commission or omission. What principle is this?

nonmaleficence

11

What approach to ethics is this?
Based on the four principles of health care ethics. Such as autonomy, nonmaleficence, justice, beneficence. Focuses on these theories.

principle based ethical approach

12

Think about procedures and medications. Do they REALLY need it? What principle is this?

nonmaleficence