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Flashcards in Abdominal Wall- Real Deck (111)
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1

what layers are reconstructed when closing paramedian incision above arcuate line

peritoneum, transversalis fascia, rectus muscle, rectus sheath, superficial fascia, skin

2

what layers are reconstructed when closing paramedian below the arcuate line

peritoneum, transversalis fascia, posteiror rectus sheath, rectus muscle, anterior rectus sheath, superficial fascia, skin

3

what lymph nodes are affected by melanoma on th left lateral region of the abdominal wall

parasternal nodes

4

what lymph nodes are affected by testicular carcninoma

external iliac nodes

5

what is the advantage of a paramedian and midline incision compared to a pararectus incision

paramedian- don't compromise the nerve and blood supply to the rectus muscle as is done with pararectus

6

what complications go with severing/compressing a nerve on the anterior abdominal wall? (iliohypogastric or ilioinguinal)

muscle weakens which could lead to a hernia

7

what is the abdominal wall

skin to transversals fascia

8

what is the abdominal cavity

trasversali fascia down

9

what is the transversals fascia

deep fascia of transversalus abdomens, psoas, diaphragm, iliac us, and pelvic musculature

10

what layers are in the abdominal wall

skin
2 layers of superficial fascia (campers and scarpas)
3 muscle layers (internal and external oblique, transversalus abdomins)

11

what are the areas in the abdominal cavity

subserous fascia
retroperitoneal space
peritoneum
periotoneal cavity

12

where does the skin over the scrotum and labia major come from

abdominal wall skin

13

describe camper's fascia

superficial layer of superficial layer of the anteriolateral abdominal wall
fat layer

14

where is liposuction done

camper's fascia

15

describe the scarpa's fascia

deep layer of superficial layer of the anteirolateral abdominal wall
no fat
tough fibrous layer that attaches to the fascia kata, ishiopubic rami, and ishial tuberosity

16

what layer are subcutaneous sutures put into

scarpa's fascia

17

what is collie's fascia

scarpa's fascia in the perineum
defines the area of blood/urine extravasation after penial bulb injury

18

what is darts fascia

fusion of camper's and scarpa's fascia in the scrotum
fat of camper's is lost, but stays in labia

19

what is the purpose of the scrotum and how is it accomplished

decrease the temperature of the testis by smooth muscle controlling its position relative to the body

20

what are the abdominal muscles

external oblique
internal oblique
transversus abdominis

21

where is the deep fascia

both sides of each of the abdominal muscles

22

what are the functions of the abdominal muscles

support and protect abdominal viscera
increase intraabdominal pressure for things
trunk motor control

23

what special structures are formed by the abdominal muscles

rectus sheath
inguinal canal
spermatic cord

24

what is formed by the external oblique aponeurosis

inguinal ligament
anterior layer of rectus sheath
superficial inguinal ring
pectinate ligament
lacunar ligament
external spermatic fascia

25

what and where is the inguinal ligament

thickening of the inferior edge of the external oblique muscle, spanning between the ischium spine and pubic tubercle
forms the floor of the inguinal canal

26

what and where is the superficial inguinal ring

V shaped opening in this aponeurosis of the external oblique muscle
spermatic cord passes through it
superior and lateral to the pubic tubercle

27

what and where is the pectineal ligament

extension of the lacunar ligament, lateral to the pubis (formed by external oblique aponeurosis)

28

what and where is the lacunar ligament

triangular ligament between the pubis and inguinal ligament that forms the medial floor of the inguinal canal
extension- pectineal ligament

29

what forms the superior and posterior wall of inguinal canal

internal oblique

30

what is the origin of the cremaster muscle

internal oblique muscle