Posterior Abdominal Wall Flashcards Preview

HS Exam 2 > Posterior Abdominal Wall > Flashcards

Flashcards in Posterior Abdominal Wall Deck (64)
Loading flashcards...
1

what spaces is the retroperitoneal space continuous with

pelvic cavity
diaphragm
subserous fascia

2

what nerves are associated with the posterior abdominal wall

T12-L5

3

what areas drain lymph through the retroperitoneal space

GI tract
pelvis
reproductive organs

4

what forms the esophageal hiatus

right crus of the diaphragm

5

what for the aortic hiatus

right and left crura of the diaphragm

6

what forms the median arcuate ligament?

right and left crura of diaphragm

7

tendinous arches of the diaphragm

meidan, medial and lateral form as thickenings of transferals fascia

8

what is the blood supply to the diaphragm

superior- pericardiacophrenic, musculophrenic
inferior- inferior phrenic from aorta

9

what is the innervation of the diaphragm

motor and sensory- phrenic (C3,4,5)
intercostals- sensory

10

where is the referred pain location for the diaphragm

shoulder

11

where are the 3 openings in the diaphragm and what goes through them

T8- IVC
T10- esophagus
T12- aorta

12

where is the median arcuate ligament

aortic hiatus

13

where is the medial arcuate ligament

over psoas major

14

where is the lateral arcuate ligament

over quadratus lumborum

15

what main structures pass through the diaphragm and where do they go through

IVC- T8
esophagus- T10
aorta- T12

16

what passes through the esophageal hiatus

esophagus
vagus trunks

17

what passes through the aortic hiatus

aorta
thoracic duct
sometimes the asecending lumbar veins

18

what passes through the crura of the diaphragm

greater and lesser splanchnic nerves
sometimes the ascending lumbar veins

19

what are the 4 muscles of the posterior abdominal wall

quardatus lumborum
posts major
psoas minor (sometimes)
iliacus

20

where is the quadratus lumborum muscle and what does it form

superior to the iliac crest
forms lateral arcuate ligament

21

function of the quadrates lumborum muscle

flex trunk

22

where is the posterior major muscle and what does it form

next to spine
forms medial arcuate ligament

23

function of posts major

hip flexor

24

where is the posterior minor muscle and what does it form

tendon on top of psoas major
may be missing
forms medial arcuate ligament

25

function of psoas minor

hip flexor

26

where is the iliac muscle

in the iliac fossa

27

function of iliac muscle

hip flexor

28

what does the subcostal nerve supply

T12- hypogastric region

29

where is the iliohypogastric nerve

L1- lowest cutaneous nerve on the abdomen

30

where is the ilioinguinal nerve and what does it supply

L1- in the inguinal canal
skin of scrotum and medial thigh
sensory aspect of cremaster reflex