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Flashcards in Anxiety Disorders in Young People Deck (41)
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1

State at least 4 types of anxiety disorder in young people

Separation anxiety disorder, generalised anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, agoraphobia, specific phobias, panic disorder,

2

Define social anxiety disorder

The fear of being perceived as foolish or stupid, resulting in avoidance of being the focus of attention (e.g. avoiding eating or talking in public)

3

Define agoraphobia

Extreme fear and avoidance of crowds, public places, and independent travel

4

Define panic disorder

Repeated experience of unprovoked panic attacks with intense fear and physical symptoms

5

Why was obsessive compulsive disorder separated from anxiety disorders in DSM-V?

Its compulsive element

6

Other than obsessive compulsive disorder, which other disorders are classed as compulsive?

Body dysmorphic disorder, hoarding disorder, trichotillomania, excoriation (skin-picking disorder)

7

What is the core feature of all anxiety disorders?

Withdrawal

8

State some typical features of anxiety disorders

Hesitancy, withdrawal, ritualised actions, fearfulness, distrust, shyness, expectation of threat, rumination, negative thoughts

9

State some physical symptoms of anxiety disorders

Difficulty sleeping, tension headache, dizziness, hyperventilation, 'lump in the throat' causing difficulty swallowing, shortness of breath, chest pain, abdominal pain, bowel urgency, bladder urgency

10

How many people diagnosed with an anxiety disorder have more than one?

75%

11

How many people diagnosed with an anxiety disorder have a comorbid mental health disorder?

80-90%

12

Name the three most common comorbid mental health disorders with child or adolescent anxiety disorders

Depression, conduct disorder, ADHD

13

What percentage of treatment-seeking children with anxiety meet the criteria for an additional mood disorder?

10-15%

14

What percentage of treatment-seeking adolescents with anxiety meet the criteria for an additional mood disorder?

30%

15

State the three components of an anxiety disorder assessment in young people

Questionnaire, diagnostic interview, behavioural observation

16

State a difficulty in assessing a young person for an anxiety disorder

The young person may 'fake being good' and provide answers they believe to be socially acceptable rather than the truth

17

State a difficulty in interviewing a young person's parent about their child's anxiety

Anxious parents may exaggerate their child's symptoms

18

Over what age should children with a suspected anxiety disorder be interviewed separately from their parents?

8

19

How is the primary disorder identified?

It is the one which produces the greatest impact on and interference with the young person's life

20

What is the prevalence of child and adolescent anxiety disorders in Western populations?

5%

21

What is the most common anxiety disorder in childhood and adolescence?

Specific phobia

22

What is the second most common anxiety disorder in childhood and adolescence?

Separation anxiety

23

What is the male to female ratio of anxiety disorder prevalence?

1:1.5-2

24

What is the male to female ratio of individuals with anxiety disorder seeking treatment?

1:1

25

Describe the relationship between development of fears and anxiety disorders

The development of normal fears and anxiety disorders coincide - for example, specific animal phobias tend to have an onset before 5, whereas social phobia tends to start at puberty

26

What is the average age of onset for generalised anxiety disorder? (de Lijster et al, 2017)

10-12 years

27

What is the average age of onset for social anxiety disorder? (de Lijster et al, 2017)

11-13 years

28

What is the average age of onset for panic disorder? (de Lijster et al, 2017)

22-24 years

29

What is the average age of onset for obsessive-compulsive disorder? (de Lijster et al, 2017)

13-15 years

30

Describe the association between anxiety disorders and parental marital status

There isn't one