Flashcards in Anxiety Disorders in Young People Deck (41)
State at least 4 types of anxiety disorder in young people
Separation anxiety disorder, generalised anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, agoraphobia, specific phobias, panic disorder,
Define social anxiety disorder
The fear of being perceived as foolish or stupid, resulting in avoidance of being the focus of attention (e.g. avoiding eating or talking in public)
Extreme fear and avoidance of crowds, public places, and independent travel
Define panic disorder
Repeated experience of unprovoked panic attacks with intense fear and physical symptoms
Why was obsessive compulsive disorder separated from anxiety disorders in DSM-V?
Its compulsive element
Other than obsessive compulsive disorder, which other disorders are classed as compulsive?
Body dysmorphic disorder, hoarding disorder, trichotillomania, excoriation (skin-picking disorder)
What is the core feature of all anxiety disorders?
State some typical features of anxiety disorders
Hesitancy, withdrawal, ritualised actions, fearfulness, distrust, shyness, expectation of threat, rumination, negative thoughts
State some physical symptoms of anxiety disorders
Difficulty sleeping, tension headache, dizziness, hyperventilation, 'lump in the throat' causing difficulty swallowing, shortness of breath, chest pain, abdominal pain, bowel urgency, bladder urgency
How many people diagnosed with an anxiety disorder have more than one?
How many people diagnosed with an anxiety disorder have a comorbid mental health disorder?
Name the three most common comorbid mental health disorders with child or adolescent anxiety disorders
Depression, conduct disorder, ADHD
What percentage of treatment-seeking children with anxiety meet the criteria for an additional mood disorder?
What percentage of treatment-seeking adolescents with anxiety meet the criteria for an additional mood disorder?
State the three components of an anxiety disorder assessment in young people
Questionnaire, diagnostic interview, behavioural observation
State a difficulty in assessing a young person for an anxiety disorder
The young person may 'fake being good' and provide answers they believe to be socially acceptable rather than the truth
State a difficulty in interviewing a young person's parent about their child's anxiety
Anxious parents may exaggerate their child's symptoms
Over what age should children with a suspected anxiety disorder be interviewed separately from their parents?
How is the primary disorder identified?
It is the one which produces the greatest impact on and interference with the young person's life
What is the prevalence of child and adolescent anxiety disorders in Western populations?
What is the most common anxiety disorder in childhood and adolescence?
What is the second most common anxiety disorder in childhood and adolescence?
What is the male to female ratio of anxiety disorder prevalence?
What is the male to female ratio of individuals with anxiety disorder seeking treatment?
Describe the relationship between development of fears and anxiety disorders
The development of normal fears and anxiety disorders coincide - for example, specific animal phobias tend to have an onset before 5, whereas social phobia tends to start at puberty
What is the average age of onset for generalised anxiety disorder? (de Lijster et al, 2017)
What is the average age of onset for social anxiety disorder? (de Lijster et al, 2017)
What is the average age of onset for panic disorder? (de Lijster et al, 2017)
What is the average age of onset for obsessive-compulsive disorder? (de Lijster et al, 2017)