Conduct Problems and Antisocial Behaviour in Young People Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Conduct Problems and Antisocial Behaviour in Young People Deck (29)
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1

Define conduct disorder

A repetitive and persistent pattern of antisocial, aggressive, or defiant behaviour with a frequency and severity beyond age appropriate norms that would violate others peoples' expectations or rights

2

Describe the typical mindset of an individual with conduct disorder

Easily annoyed, angry, resentful, spiteful, vindictive, actively defiant of requests or rules, blameful of others for one's own mistakes, deliberately annoying to others, argumentative, disconnected from others' pain

3

Describe the typical behaviour of an individual with conduct disorder

Aggression to people and animals, serious violation of rules (truancy, running away from home, confrontational crime), deceiftulness or theft (shoplifting, burglary, forgery), destruction of property

4

Name the three subtypes of conduct disorder in ICD-10

Conduct disorder confined to the family context, unsocialised context disorder, and socialised conduct disorder

5

State some differential diagnoses of conduct disorder

ADHD, oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), adjustment reaction, mood disorders, autism spectrum disorder

6

State some common comorbidites with conduct disorder

Depression, PTSD, learning disability, autism spectrum disorder, dyslexia

7

Describe the symptoms of early childhood conduct disorder

Defiance of adults' wishes, disobedience, angry outbursts, physical aggression, destruction of property, blaming others, provocation, arguing

8

Describe the symptoms of later childhood conduct disorder

Swearing, lying, stealing others' belongings, persistent rule-breaking, physical fights, bullying, animal cruelty, fire-setting

9

Describe the symptoms of adolescent conduct disorder

Cruelty to other people, assault or robbery using force, vandalism, breaking and entering, joyriding, running away from home, truancy, drug and alcohol misuse

10

Define oppositional defiant disorder

Childhood-onset negativistic, defiant, disobedient, provocative, and hostile behaviour towards authority figures lasting at least 6 months

11

How is oppositional defiant disorder differentiated from conduct disorder?

The absence of more severe dissocial or aggressive acts that violate the law or the rights of others

12

State some typical symptoms of oppositional defiant disorder

Loss of temper, arguing with adults, deliberately annoying others, blaming others for one's own mistakes, active defiance of requests and rules, anger or resentment, easy annoyance

13

Describe the relationship between age of onset and prognosis in ODD and conduct disorder

Younger age of onset indicates a poorer long-term prognosis

14

What percentage of children have a conduct disorder?

2-8%

15

What is the male to female ratio of conduct disorder?

2.5:1

16

Name the 2 strongest predictors of antisocial behaviour in young people

Gender and quality of parenting

17

What percentage of adults with a criminal record had conduct disorder as a child?

Over 90%

18

Name 5 things conduct disorder is a predictor of

Homelessness, difficulties finding work, engaging in early childbearing, dependence on tobacco, alcohol, or drugs, offending and violence, poor parenting practices, mental health issues (anxiety, depression, suicide)

19

State 2 individual factors increasing the risk of conduct disorder

Temperament (callous-unemotional traits), developmental problems (e.g. autism spectrum disorder, learning disability), hyperactivity, difficulties with friends and school

20

State 2 familial factors increasing the risk of conduct disorder

Parental approach (poor supervision, erratic and harsh discipline, parental disharmony, abuse), parent-child attachment difficulties, witnessing domestic violence

21

State 2 social factors increasing the risk of conduct disorder

Lower socio-economic class, neighbourhood (inner city, overcrowding, high crime and unemployment), school (low teacher satisfaction, deviant peer groups)

22

Name the diagnostic questionnaire used to diagnose conduct disorder

Structured Assessment of Violence and Risk in Youth (SAVRY)

23

Name the historical risk factors assessed by the SAVRY

History of violence, non-violent offending, past interventional failures, self-harm or suicide attempts, exposure to violence at home, childhood maltreatment, parent or caregiver criminality, poor school achievement

24

Name the social risk factors assessed by the SAVRY

Peer delinquency, peer rejection, stress and poor coping, poor parental management, lack of personal or social support, community disorganisation

25

Name the individual risk factors assessed by the SAVRY

Negative attitudes, risk taking or impulsivity, substance use, anger management problems, lack of remorse or empathy, poor compliance, low interest in or commitment to school

26

Name the protective factors assessed by the SAVRY

Prosocial environment, strong social support, strong attachment and bonds, positive attitude towards intervention and authority, strong commitment to school, resilient personality traits

27

State some interventions for conduct disorder

School interventions, parenting programs, cognitive problem-solving and skills training, multi-systemic therapy

28

What do parenting programs for conduct disorder teach?

They promote play and good times between children and parents, as well as the importance of praise and recognition for good behaviour with clearly expressed expectations and consistent and calm consequences for misbehaviour

29

State the focuses of CBT for anger management

Stopping and thinking in challenging situations, recognising one's own emotional state, recognising and defining problems, developing alternative responses, anticipating consequences, crediting oneself for staying in control, reviewing actions afterwards