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Flashcards in Mental Health in Intellectual Disability Deck (10)
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1

What percentage of individuals with mild and severe intellectual disability respectively have a psychiatric disorder?

Mild: 30%
Severe: 40-50%

2

What is the prevalence of ADHD in individuals with mild, moderate, and severe intellectual disability respectively?

Mild: 13%
Moderate: 25%
Severe: 30%

3

Give 3 biological reasons for the association between intellectual disability and psychiatric disorders

Genetics, epilepsy, sensory impairments

4

Give 3 psychological reasons for the association between intellectual disability and psychiatric disorders

Reduced capacity for learning & peer interaction, family dysfunction, parental mental health problems

5

Give 3 social reasons for the association between intellectual disability and psychiatric disorders

Social disadvantage and poverty, higher rates of stressful events e.g. abuse, school failure, peer rejection

6

What are the most common areas of psychiatric disorder in children with mild intellectual disability

Emotional, behavioural, and hyperactivity disorders

7

What are the most common areas of psychiatric disorder in children with severe intellectual disability

Autism spectrum, hyperactivity, and self-injury disorders

8

Define specific reading disorder

The DSM term for developmental dyslexia - reading being substantially poorer than would be predicted by age and IQ

9

Describe the epidemiology of specific reading disorder

Affects 3-10% of children, male to female ratio 2-3:1

10

State the mental health disorders associated with specific reading disorder

Conduct disorder, ADHD