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Flashcards in Drug Classification and Harms Deck (32)
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1

What is a drug?

A chemical which, when taken, produces physiological changes

2

In the UK, what regulates pharmaceuticals?

MHRA Medicines Act

3

In the UK, what regulates recreational drugs?

Home Office's Misuse of Drugs Act (1971)

4

State 4 classes of illegal drugs

Depressants, stimulants, psychedelics, cannabis

5

What is the maximum penalty for possessing a class A drug?

7 years

6

What is the maximum penalty for possessing a class C drug?

2 years

7

Name at least 4 class A drugs

Heroin, cocaine, methamphetamine, MDMA, LSD, psilocybin

8

Name 4 class B drugs

Amphetamines, barbiturates, ketamine, cannabis

9

Name at least 4 class C drugs

Benzodiazepines, GHB, buprenorphine, steroids, growth hormone, clenbuterol

10

Can cannabis be prescribed in the UK?

No - November 2018 legislation permits medical use but it cannot be prescribed

11

Give 3 causes of drug harms

The drug itself, the route of use, and drug addiction

12

What is the most common cause of anthrax in the UK

Injecting heroin

13

How many smokers die of smoking-related diseases?

Half

14

How many deaths occur per million heroin users?

20,000

15

How many deaths occur per million cocaine users?

170

16

What proportion of heroin users die of a drug overdose?

1 in 50

17

State at least 3 possible consequences of acute drug toxicity

Respiratory depression, hyperthermia, hypothermia, hyponatraemia, cardiac symptoms, hepatitis

18

Which drugs cause respiratory depression?

Opioids, benzodiazepines

19

Which drugs cause hyperthermia?

Stimulants, e.g. MDMA

20

Which drugs cause hyponatraemia?

MDMA

21

Which drugs cause hepatitis?

MDMA

22

Which drugs cause cardiac symptoms?

Cocaine, amphetamine

23

How many young people in the UK die of alcohol poisoning every week?

3

24

What percentage of make deaths between 16 and 44 are due to alcohol?

Over 20%

25

What percentage of liver disease cases are due to alcohol?

80%

26

How much has alcohol consumption increased over the past 40 years?

It has doubled

27

Give a piece of evidence against a link between cannabis and schizophrenia

Cannabis use has increased 20x over the past 40 years, but the incidence of schizophrenia has remained relatively stable

28

Which drugs cause confusion?

Depressants, especially ketamine

29

Which drugs cause paranoia?

Cocaine, amphetamine, cannabis

30

Which drug causes bladder damage with chronic use?

Ketamine