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Flashcards in Assessment of Developmental Disorders Deck (25):
1

What causes Fragile X?

Mutation in FMR1 gene from a CGG trinucleotide repeat

2

IQ cannot be reliably measured before age ____.

5

3

What is the plan if the developmental quotient is less than 70?

refer

4

Cerebral palsy is a _____ impairment.

motor

5

Name 2 inherited developmental disabilities.

  1. Fragile X
  2. trisomy 21

6

Name 9 adaptive skill areas.

  1. Communication
  2. Self care
  3. Home living
  4. Social skills
  5. Community use
  6. Self direction
  7. Health and safety
  8. Functional academics
  9. Leisure and work

7

When does cerebral palsy present?

  • en utero
  • infancy
  • early development

8

Name 2 acquired developmental disabilities.

  1. TORCHES
  2. perinatal stroke

9

Dx?:

  • wide mouth and prominent chin
  • seizures
  • microcephaly
  • nonverbal
  • happy demeanor/frequent smiling
  • ataxia
  • hand flapping

Angelman Syndrome

10

What is the plan if the developmental quotient = 70-85?

closely monitor

11

What causes Angleman Syndrome?

chromosome 15p11-13 methylation/deletion

12

Dx?

  • Microcephaly
  • Ataxia
  • Autistic features
  • Stereotypical hand movements
  • Hyperventilation
  • Seizures

Rett Syndrome

13

Name 3 types of cerebral palsy.

  1. spastic
  2. athetoid/dyskinetic
  3. ataxic

14

Does cerebral palsy progress?

no

15

Name 5 domains of development.

  1. Gross motor
  2. Fine motor
  3. Language
  4. Cognitive
  5. Social

16

This is when an individual who is unable to achieve developmental milestones as expected compared to those of similar age.

abnormal development

17

Does cerebral palsy = intellectual disability?

no, it only does 70% of the time

18

How is the developmental quotient calculated?

developmental age / chronological age

19

What are the diagnostic criteria of intellectual disability?

present from childhood intellectual functioning at least 2 SD below the mean significant limitations in > 2 adaptive skill areas

20

This dx shows delays or abnormal functioning in at least one of the following areas, with onset prior to age 3:

  • Social interaction
  • Language as used in social communications
  • Symbolic or imaginative play

autism

21

What causes Rett Syndrome?

X-linked MECP2 gene

22

Delayed development is defined as?

2 standard deviations below the mean for a child's chronological age

23

Dx?:

  • Long jaw
  • High forehead
  • Large/protuberant ears
  • Hyperextensible joints
  • Soft/velvety palmar skin
  • Enlarged testes
  • Initially shy with poor eye contact, then friendly and verbose
  • Family history of MR

Fragile X

24

What is a developmental disability?

  • Severe, chronic disability of an individual 5 years of age or older that:
  • Is attributable to a mental or physical impairment or combination
  • Is manifested before the person attains age 22
  • Is likely to continue indefinitely

25

What is abnormal development?

when an individual who is unable to achieve developmental milestones as expected compared to those of similar age