Autism Spectrum Disorders Flashcards Preview

aNeuro Exam I- Lindsey's > Autism Spectrum Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Autism Spectrum Disorders Deck (13):
1

What is the prevalence of autism?

1/110 (and increasing)

2

The majority of autistic pts are what gender?

male

3

What is the usual IQ range seen in ASD pts?

normal to above-normal

4

What is the medical test for ASD?

there is none

5

How is autism diagnosed?

  • behavioral observation
  • parent report
  • review of history

6

Name 3 social communication and interaction defects in autism.

  1. deficits in social-emotional reciprocity
  2. deficits in nonverbal communication behaviors
  3. deficits in developing and maintaining relationships

7

Why is ASD called a spectrum disorder?

it affects each person in different ways and ranges from mild to severe

8

Name 4 restricted, repetitive patterns of behaviors, interests, or activities seen in autism.

  1. stereotyped or repetitive speech, motor movements, or use of objects
  2. excessive adherence to routines
  3. highly restricted, fixated interests abnormal in intensity or focus
  4. hyper- or hypo-reactivity to sensory input

9

What are the best interventions for autism?

  • educational
  • behavioral
  • psychological

10

When does autism present?

before age 3

11

What causes autism?

unknown, but a combination of genetic and environmental factors are surely involved

12

Name 4 major criteria that must be met to diagnose autism.

  1. deficits in social communication and interaction
  2. restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities
  3. symptoms present in early childhood
  4. symptoms together limit and impair everyday functioning

13

Most individuals with ASD also have?

  • learning disabilities
  • psych conditions
  • difficulty sleeping and eating
  • difficulty regulating behaviors
  • difficulty attending in appropriate ways