What is the prevalence of autism?
1/110 (and increasing)
The majority of autistic pts are what gender?
What is the usual IQ range seen in ASD pts?
normal to above-normal
What is the medical test for ASD?
there is none
How is autism diagnosed?
- behavioral observation
- parent report
- review of history
Name 3 social communication and interaction defects in autism.
- deficits in social-emotional reciprocity
- deficits in nonverbal communication behaviors
- deficits in developing and maintaining relationships
Why is ASD called a spectrum disorder?
it affects each person in different ways and ranges from mild to severe
Name 4 restricted, repetitive patterns of behaviors, interests, or activities seen in autism.
- stereotyped or repetitive speech, motor movements, or use of objects
- excessive adherence to routines
- highly restricted, fixated interests abnormal in intensity or focus
- hyper- or hypo-reactivity to sensory input
What are the best interventions for autism?
When does autism present?
before age 3
What causes autism?
unknown, but a combination of genetic and environmental factors are surely involved
Name 4 major criteria that must be met to diagnose autism.
- deficits in social communication and interaction
- restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities
- symptoms present in early childhood
- symptoms together limit and impair everyday functioning
Most individuals with ASD also have?