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aNeuro Exam I- Lindsey's > Rotation: Brain > Flashcards

Flashcards in Rotation: Brain Deck (39):
1

What is the circle of Willis composed of?

anterior cerebral a (L and R)
anterior communicating a
internal carotid a (L and R)
posterior cerebral a (L and R)
posterior communicating a (L and R)
basilar a

2

What is the significance of the superior sagittal sinus and transverse sinus?

they're the venous drainage for the brain

3

The _____ is the primary motor cortex, containing cell bodies of upper motor neurons that control lower motor neurons in spinal cord, which in turn control muscles.

precentral gyrus

4

The precentral gyrus is the ______, containing cell bodies of upper motor neurons that control lower motor neurons in spinal cord, which in turn control muscles.

primary motor cortex

5

The ______ is the primary somatosensory cortex receiving information from the skin on touch, vibration and limb position (proprioception).

postcentral gyrus

6

The postcentral gyrus is the ______ receiving information from the skin on touch, vibration and limb position (proprioception).

primary somatosensory cortex

7

The _____ separates the frontal lobe (anterior) from the parietal lobe (posterior).

central sulcus

8

The central sulcus separates the _____ (anterior) from the _____ (posterior).

frontal lobe; parietal lobe

9

The _____ separates the temporal lobe (inferior) from the frontal and parietal lobes.

lateral sulcus

10

The lateral sulcus (or fissure) separates the _____(inferior) from the _____.

temporal lobe; frontal and parietal lobes

11

Where is the 1a visual cortex located?

at the calcarine sulcus

12

What is the calcarine sulcus?

where the 1a visual cortex is located

13

What are the 3 parts of the corpus callosum?

the genu, body, and splenium

14

What is the fornix?

an axon tract in the limbic system involved in memory formation and retrieval and carrying information from the hippocampus to the hypothalamus.

15

This is an axon tract in the limbic system involved in memory formation and retrieval and carrying information from the hippocampus to the hypothalamus.

the fornix

16

What is the hypothalamus?

the regulator of homeostasis

17

This part of the brain is the regulator of homeostasis.

the hypothalamus

18

All sensory systems except _____ relay info thru the thalamus on the way to the cortex.

olfaction

19

All sensory systems except olfaction relay info thru the _____ on the way to the cortex.

thalamus

20

What is the job of the superior colliculus?

coordinating auditory and visual maps of space

21

What part of the brain coordinates auditory and visual maps of space?

the superior colliculus

22

What part of the brain is part of the auditory system?

the inferior colliculus

23

What is the job of the inferior colliculus?

it's part of the auditory system

24

The ______ is involved in motor coordination and motor learning.

cerebellum

25

The cerebellum is involved in _____ and _____.

motor coordination and motor learning

26

What is the job of the insula?

processing of taste information

27

What part of the brain is involved in the processing of taste information?

the insula

28

What does the hippocampus do?

memory formation and retrieval

29

What part of the brain is for memory formation and retrieval?

the hippocampus

30

What is the fornix for?

to connect the hippocampus to the hypothalamus

31

This connects the hippocampus to the hypothalamus.

the fornix

32

What is the job of the amygdala?

perception of fear and emotions

33

What part of the brain is involved in the perception of fear and emotions?

the amygdala

34

What part of the brain is involved in initiation of movement?

the putamen and globus pallidus

35

What do the putamen and globus pallidus do?

initiate movement

36

What does the caudate nucleus do?

it's involved in memory retrieval

37

What part of the brain is involved in memory retrieval?

the caudate nucleus

38

The primary motor cortex is Broadmann's Area #____.

4

39

The _____ is Broadmann's Area #4.

primary motor cortex