Flashcards in *Book 37- Haz Mat Ops Plan Deck (95):
The Department’s Hazardous Materials responsibility is divided between the Bureau of ________ and the Bureau of _______.
Emergency Services and Fire Prevention and Public Safety
The Bureau of ______ is involved in code enforcement and long-term preparedness measures which are implemented in coordination with local businesses, while the Bureau of ______ is principally focused on response efforts including discovery, notification,evaluation and initiation of on-scene action.
1. Fire prevention
2. Emergency services
Hazmat- What level responder will respond to an incident in a defensive fashion within existing resources and capabilities to contain the release from a safe distance, to keep it from spreading, and to prevent exposures to nearby persons, property or environment.
First responder operational
Hazmat- What level responder will respond to a hazmat incident in order to control, plug, patch or otherwise stop the release of a hazardous substance?
Hazardous Materials Technician
Book 37 HazMat:
Fire Station Updates: BP-1 (business information) and BP-8 (material inventory) forms are provided to fire stations by the ______ unit of the fire prevention bureau.
Data management unit
The first responder who recognizes a hazardous material incident or incident involving weapons of mass destruction shall establish an initial _______.
Isolation zone surrounding the incident
The Department's overall responsibility at hazardous materials incidents is in what three main areas?
1. Assessment of the incident.
2. Notification of the proper agencies.
3. Emergency measures to minimize the effect of the hazardous condition on people, theenvironment, and property.
An LAFD assignment for a confirmed hazardous materials incident normally includes what resources?
1 HazMat TF
1 ALS engine
1 ALS RA
During a hazmat incident, who is responsible for scene safety?
Assistant Safety officer Haz Mat (if established) or Technical Support Team Leader
______ is an area for the assembly of civilian personnel who were witnesses to the hazardous materials incident or who were on-site at the time of the spill.
Safe Refuge Area
The Safe Refuge Area should be located inside the _____ Zone, adjacent to the Exclusion Zone Control Line.
________ ensures the development of Control Zones and Access Control Points
Hazardous Material Group Supervisor
The _______ is responsible for completing the tactical assignments, performing rescues, identifying products, and reducing the spread of hazardous products.
Site Control Team
Once the first responder has arrived on scene, one of the initial considerations must be to establish ______ for the incident.
_______ is the initial decontamination intended to rapidly remove as much contamination as possible. Victims should remove their clothing down to their undergarments, and be showered utilizing the most expeditious process available.
Emergency decontamination (Gross Decon)
______ is the expansion of the Emergency Decontamination process to accommodate large numbers of contaminated people.
This is indicated when there are too many victims to be handled by a standard hazardous materials incident assignment
_____ decontamination, which follows Emergency Decon, is a process that includes scrubbing with soap or other solution and thorough rinsing.
_______ Decontamination is the deliberate and precise cleansing using pools, special solutions,monitoring methods, and specially trained personnel. This is intended for all emergency responders and is ideally performed in a separate area, away from the incident victims.
The best personal protective equipment for first responders engaged in decontamination is the Level ___ ensemble provided for every position on each fire suppression company and rescue ambulance.
For emergency Decon, hose lines or appliances should provide a high-volume ____ spray.
Nozzles should be adjusted for a wide fog pattern
Showering time will be incident-specific, but should be between ___ and ___ minutes per person.
1 and 3 mins
Approximately ___% or more of the contaminants will be removed by removing clothing. Have pt avoid removing clothing over their head.
Which pt's will receive secondary Decon?
Those who have received emergency Decon
Those who remain or become symptomatic while in Safe Refuge
*All exposed victims will receive Secondary Decon prior to medical triage or transport*
Provide a Haz Mat ________ to each patient entering Secondary Decontamination
Haz Mat Triage Tag
How should exposed pt's capable of assisting themselves be instructed to wash during Secondary Decon?
From top down
After secondary Decon, If the patient is free of contamination, provide them with a _______.
HazMat: The Decon Bucket (For Civilian Decon) has how many?
Disposable Coveralls XLG?
Haz Mat Triage Tags?
Dish Soap bottle?
Disposable Coveralls XLG- 10
Haz Mat Triage Tags- 10
Foxtail brushes- 2
Dish Soap bottle- 1
Is the Haz Mat triage tags waterproof?
The term used to describe actions directed at retrieving civilian exposure victims is ________.
This can be set up in extraction crews or groups
Prior to initiating rapid extraction, _____ must be available prior to entry, and extraction teams shall use no more than ___ 45-minute SCBA bottle prior to evaluation for exposure by Haz Mat personnel.
Decontamination (one charged hose line at a minimum)
First responders must immediately leave a rescue site upon encountering what conditions?
1. Any signs or symptoms of exposure for any members of an extraction team
2. Encountering an area with ONLY non-viable victims;
3. SCBA low air audible alarm (approximately 25% reserve for exiting and decontamination).
The minimum protection for all hazardous material incidents consists of?
Full structural PPE and SCBA
Statistically, the most significant route of exposure for hazardous materials continues to be _______.
During extraction operations, which parts of the responder's body is most at risk of become contaminated?
Hands and feet
For a hazmat incident, turnout boots should be made out of _____
Leather boots and gloves have a high absorption rate
____ radiation represents a risk only if inhaled or ingested, and donning an SCBA eliminates this route of exposure
During a HazMat incident, _____ is only responsible for evacuating those areas where no special protective clothing or equipment is required
True or False? The Level B splash suits provided for performing decontamination can also be used to enter hazardous zones
As the first-arriving company, after identifying the material released, an effort should be made to safely isolate the spill or release in all directions for the distance recommended by the _____.
Emergency Response Guide
If the hazardous material has not been identified once on scene, officers may use Guide ____ as an initial estimate of minimum distances
_____ regulates the types of labels and placards that must be attached to hazardous materials transport containers and the vehicles that carry them
DOT placards are diamond shaped signs that measure ____ inches on each side.
DOT placards are required to be on how many sides of a vehicle?
DOT labels are ___ inch diamonds (or smaller, for cylinders) affixed to non-bulk packages of hazardous materials
UN identification numbers can be incorporated into a DOT placard, or posted on a separate orange panel with ___ inch numbers next to the placard
________ is a placarding system for fixed facilities to indicate the dangers associated with various hazardous materials found at a location.
The NFPA 704 placard is divided into how many color-coded quadrants?
What colored quadrant on the NFPA 704 placard indicates a flammability hazard?
What colored quadrant on the NFPA 704 placard indicates health hazards?
What colored quadrant on the NFPA 704 placard indicates reactivity hazards?
What colored quadrant on the NFPA 704 placard indicates special hazards?
Hazmat NFPA 704 placard:
The Health, Flammability, and Reactivity Hazards are ranked from 0 to ___.
Hazmat NFPA 704 Placard:
Although not recognized by NFPA, some users will insert the letters- ___ for alkaline materials
___ for acidic materials
___ for artisans (occupied)
One of the disadvantages of the ERG is that the evacuation table is good for first ___ minutes, only.
When using the ERG, what color-boarded pages should you turn to if you have the identification number on the DOT placard?
Yellow colored pages
When using the ERG, what color-boarded pages should you turn to if you have the name of the hazardous material?
Blue colored pages
When using the ERG, Highlighted entries on the yellow and blue pages contain additional information in the ____ colored pages in the back of the book
When using the ERG, what colored pages describe isolation distances and protective actions that should be taken immediately when dealing with a hazmat incident?
A vehicle carrying hazardous materials on a highway are required to have what type of shipping papers?
Where are these papers kept?
Bill of lading or freight bill
Cab of vehicle in reach of driver
A vessel carrying hazardous materials on water is required to have what type of shipping papers?
Where are these papers kept?
Dangerous cargo manifest
Wheelhouse or pipe-like container on barge
A train carrying hazardous materials on a rail are required to have what type of shipping papers?
Where are these papers kept?
Waybill and/or consist
Member of train (conductor or engineer) shipper
A plane carrying hazardous materials in air are required to have what type of shipping papers?
Where are these papers kept?
Air Bill with Shipper’s Certification for Restricted Articles
Cockpit (May also be attached to packages)
The owner of a facility is required to keep a _____ for all hazardous materials (above an established quantity) handled or stored at the facility. Responders should access these Sheets during pre-incident planning.
MSDS- Material Safety Data Sheets
One option of hazmat containment is the underflow dam, which is used when a material is ____ than water
Lighter than water and will float
One option of hazmat containment is the overflow dam, which is used when a material is ____ than water
Heavier and will sink
There are two types of dams used for containment. One is a ____ dam; the second is a ____ dam better known as a separation dam.
What are the two types of complex/separation dams?
Underflow and overflow
The draeger emergency escape mask provides a minimum of ___ minutes protection against chemical warfare agents
The draeger emergency escape mask protects against what 3 warfare agents?
Nuclear, Biological and Chemical (NBC)
What two items does the Personal Escape Kit (PEK) hold?
Draeger emergency escape mask
Mark I auto injector
Whenever the Department is notified of a Homeland Security Advisory System threat level of _____ (Color?/LEVEL?) or greater, the PEK/Mini-Radiac shall be worn when DISPATCHED to all incidents
"High" Orange Level 4
Whenever the Department is notified of a Homeland Security Advisory System threat level of _____ (COLOR?/LEVEL?) or greater, PEK/Mini-Radiacs shall be worn on every incident, when outside of the station, when in an enclosed space/building and when away from the apparatus.
"Severe" Red Level 5
During a homeland "SEVERE" threat warning, what is the exception for not having to wear the mini-radiac?
While on Fire Department property (FHMTC, Headquarters)
What device shall be worn on incidents where there is the following?
•radiation is expected to be present (Labs, etc)
•incident of suspicious nature
•Bravo Tango incident in which the LAFD is supporting LAPD ops
•incident involving known radiation
Shall the SCBA be donned when using the level B protection suit?
The level B protective suit and equipment should be checked daily, weekly or monthly, including the contents of the decon bucket?
Hazardous Materials Incident Command System divides the incident scene into what three zones?
1. Exclusion zone (hot zone)
2. Contamination Reduction Zone (warm zone)
3. Support Zone (cold zone)
The ______ zone is the area or space closest to the spill or release.
The ______ zone is the area or space immediately outside the Exclusion Zone.
Contamination Reduction Zone
The line surrounding the Exclusion Zone is the “____ Line”, which is established by Hazardous Materials Task Force personnel
The line surrounding the Contamination Reduction Zone is the “_______ Line” and is established by the first responder.
Perimeter Control Line
The ______ Zone is the area outside the Contamination Reduction Zone.
Ideally, a minimum distance of _____ft should be used for the depth of the Contamination Reduction Zone
How many decon pools are in the contamination reduction corridor for washing and rinsing?
A fourth pool just inside the hot line, when needed, for the removal of gross contaminants.
The Squads carry three patch kits specific to Chlorine. The “A” Kit is for ___ lb. cylinders
The Squads carry three patch kits specific to Chlorine, the “B” Kit is for ___ ton cylinders
The Squads carry three patch kits specific to Chlorine, the “C” Kit is for _____.
The CBRNE acronym represents the classification of weapons of mass destruction. What does each letter represent?
The acronym for signs and symptoms of potential ______ exposure is SLUDGEM.
The acronym for signs and symptoms of potential nerve agent exposure is SLUDGEM. What does each letter stand for?
M- Muscle twitching
_____ agents can be either disease-causing organisms or toxins produced by living organisms.
The deployment of _____ agents will be difficult to recognize for the first responder due to incubation periods, and may not be detected until days or weeks after.
During a terrorism incident, the immediate concern, beyond the potential for becoming contaminated, is the potential of a _____ device
Within the ICS structure that has been expanded to accommodate mass casualties, patients will move from Safe Refuge to Gross Decon, from Gross Decon to Secondary Decon, and then on to ______.