*Book 8- Drivers Training Manual Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in *Book 8- Drivers Training Manual Deck (89):
0

Book 8:

When starting on severe grades, the engine should be accelerated until the converter is in a _____ condition before the foot brake is released.

Stall condition

1

Book 8 drivers manual:

The time it takes air to reach the brakes after depressing the brake pedal is known as what?

Brake lag

2

Book 8: drivers manual

Depending on the vehicle, it will take between ___ to ___ second for air to reach the brakes after the brake pedal is pressed.

1/4 to 1 sec

3

Book 8 drivers manual:

Good attitude accounts for ___% of safe driving

60%

4

Book 8 drivers training:

What 3 categories/concepts make up safe driving?

Safe vehicle
Good physical condition of driver
Good attitude

5

Book 8 drivers manual:

Studies show that in 80 to 90% of all vehicle accidents, ______ is a contributing cause.

Emotional disturbance

6

Book 8 drivers manual:

_____ refers to the strong tendency to steer in the direction to which your attention is focused.

Focus fixation

7

Book 8 drivers manual:

_____ is the time from sighting a situation to the time you recognize the situation.

Perception time

8

Book 8 drivers manual:

_____ is the time a situation arises to the time it takes the driver to react.

Reaction time

9

Book 8 drivers manual:

Perception time takes approx how long?

3/4 second

10

Book 8 drivers manual:

Reaction time takes approx how long?

3/4 second

11

The smith system was created to help drivers use what?

Their eyes

12

What two things does the smith system help a driver do?

1. Create a space cushion wherever you drive

2. Acquire and maintain visibility around you

13

What are the 5 rules for following the smith system?

1. Leave yourself an out
2. Make sure they see you
3. Keep eyes moving
4. Get the big picture
5. Aim high in the steering

14

Book 8 drivers manual:

Vehicle Total stopping distance is determined by what 3 factors?

Perception time, reaction time, vehicle braking

15

Book 8 drivers manual:

Members driving heavy apparatus should be concerned with emergency stops when traveling over ____ mph.

30

16

Book 8 drivers manual:

When determining following distance for a heavy apparatus, the general rule is how many car lengths for every ___ mph?

3 car lengths

10 mph

17

Book 8 drivers manual:

Another system into for determining safe following distance for heavy apparatus is the ___ second rule

3 second rule

18

Book 8 drivers manual:

High beams should be turned off at least how many feet ahead of an approaching vehicle?

500 ft

19

Book 8 drivers manual:

High beams should be turned off at least how many feet behind a vehicle you are following?

300 ft

20

Book 8 drivers manual:

It takes ____ times as long to stop on a wet road compared to a dry one.

2 times

21

Book 8 drivers manual:

Extremely slick conditions usually last how long after it starts raining?

1/2 to 3/4 of an hour (30-45 min)

22

Book 8 drivers manual:

Define the hazard zone of an apparatus that is backing.

3 ft out from the side of the apparatus
15 ft behind the apparatus

23

Book 8 drivers manual:

Who shall control all phases of a backing operation?

Station commander

24

Book 8 drivers manual:

If you double your speed, your perception/reaction time will also be doubled and your braking distance will be _____

Quadrupled

25

Book 8 drivers manual:

Tall buildings, hills, winding roads, blind intersections, or heavy brush will reduce siren audibility up to how much?

2/3rds

26

Book 8 drivers manual:

Most department involved accidents occur where?

At intersections

27

Book 8 drivers manual:

A wet concrete roadway will require approx ___ to ___% more stopping distance than a dry one

35 to 40%

28

Book 8 drivers manual:

With fire showing on a High-Rise, park your apparatus back a minimum of _____ft and away from the fire side of the building if possible.

200 ft

*aerial may still be used for rescue and/or access in earlier non-sealed high rises*

29

Book 8 drivers manual:

During earthquake mode, is it ok to travel through overpasses/underpasses?

No, it should be avoided

30

Book 8 drivers manual:
In regards to tillering, ______ is when the trailer of the truck moves well past an in-line position after a turn is completed.

Over steering

31

Book 8 drivers manual:
In regard to tillering, _____ occurs when a tillerman turns the steering wheel unnecessarily.

Overtillering

32

Book 8 drivers manual:

Can the on-board headsets be used in lieu of the tiller signal button?

No, the tiller button should be the primary way to alert the apparatus operator

33

Book 8 drivers training:

When following other vehicles on wet roadways, keep at least ___ vehicle length distance for every 10 mph of speed between your apparatus and vehicles in front of you.

2

34

Book 8 drivers manual:
When spotting an apparatus to a pre-33 URM building, a collapse can happen without warning and fall horizontal distances ______ than the vertical height of the building.

Equal or greater

35

Book 8 drivers manual:
When checking the angle of the slack adjuster, the push rod and adjuster arm should not go beyond ____ when the brakes are applied.

90°

36

Book 8 drivers manual:
The tillerman should keep their eyes at least a ____ block ahead of the truck to avoid being taken by surprise and reacting late to a decision made by the AO

1/2 block

37

Book 8 drivers manual:
When trying to recover from a skid, do not use the brake until ______ has been re-established.

Steering control

38

Book 8 drivers manual:
When trying to recover from a skid, turn your front wheels in the direction your rear wheels are skidding, otherwise known as _____ steering.

Counter steering

39

Book 8 drivers manual:
When trying to recover from a skid, if a driver hasn't regained control of the car before it spins ___to ___ degrees from center, he will probably be unable to keep his car from spinning all the way around.

15-25°

40

Book 8 drivers manual:
Hydroplaning may begin when you can hear your wheels splashing in ____ inch of water or more.

1/5th inch

41

Book 8 drivers manual:
For every two pounds under recommended tire pressure, you lose ___ percent in fuel economy.

1%

42

Book 8 drivers manual:
Fuel conservation of at least ___% is possible through proper vehicle operation, use, maintenance, and trip planning.

10%

43

Book 8 drivers manual:
Fast starts can burn over ___% more gasoline than normal acceleration.

50

44

Book 8:

Vehicles in a business or residence district may not be left on a highway unattended on a grade exceeding ___% without blocking the wheels

3%

45

Bk 8:

Every authorized emergency vehicle shall be equipped with at least one steady burning red warning lamp visible from at least _____ ft

1000

46

Bk 8:

When driving the hills, an operator shall give audible warning with the horn of the vehicle upon approaching any curve where the view is obstructed within a distance of ____ ft along the highway.

200

47

Bk 8:

No vehicle except for other emergency vehicles, shall follow within ____ ft of an responding emergency vehicle

300

48

Book 8: Smith system

What positions should your two hands be on the steering wheel as a driver (including when tillering)?

9 and 3 o'clock

(Per AOTM: 10 and 2)

49

Diesel Engine:

Compression Stroke- On upward stroke of piston, valves are closed and air is compressed to approx ____ psi and temperatures of the chamber will be about _____ °F

500 psi

1,000

50

Diesel engines:

How does ignition inside the combustion chamber occur during the compression stroke of a Diesel engine?

Ignition is by contact of the fuel with the heated air.

*glow plugs are used in some Diesel engines to assist in starting*

51

The speed and the power outlet of a Diesel engine is controlled by?

Quantity of fuel injected into the cylinder

(Gasoline engines controlled by amount of air injected)

52

The ____ stores up energy of rotation when the instantaneous torque of the crankshaft is greater than average, and releases this energy when the torque is less than average.

Flywheel

53

The automatic transmission is connected to the engine by a fluid coupling or ______ instead of a clutch assembly.

Torque converter

54

What two functions does the torque converter serve?

1. Acts as a fluid coupling to smoothly connect engine power through oil to the transmission gear train
2. Multiplies the torque from the engine when additional performance is desired

55

What three elements make up a torque converter?

1. Pump (driving member)
2. Turbine (driven or output member)
3. Stator (reaction member)

56

What is the purpose of the stator inside a torque converter?

Redirect oil returning from the turbine and change it's direction of rotation back to that of the pump member.

57

Before towing or pushing an apparatus beyond a few blocks, what must be done with the driveline?

It must be disconnected

58

Automatic transmissions used by the LAFD are adjusted for what kind of "shifting"?

Full throttle shifts

59

Automatic transmissions:

It generally smoothes out the down-shift if the throttle is _____ before moving the gear selector into the new range.

Depressed or advanced "slightly"

60

Brake fade is caused by?

Heat buildup in brakes from excessive braking

61

What are the 4 "adverse" conditions you could encounter when driving apparatus?

1. Nighttime
2. Twilight
3. Fog
4. Rain

62

Fog makes objects seem further or closer away than they really are?

Seem further

Test have shown an object 15 yards away will appear to be 30 yards away

63

DMV:
A motor vehicle, when operated upon a highway, shall be equipped with a horn in good working order and capable of emitting sound audible under normal conditions from a distance of not less than ____ feet

200

64

Bk 8:

Members who do not pass the drivers training coarse and rodeo will be required to complete remedial training and be retested in ____ months.

3

65

DMV:

What's the speed limit for a blind intersection?
(Same for an alley)

15 mph

Intersection considered "blind" if there are no stop signs at any corner and you can not see for 100ft in either direction during the last 100ft before crossing

66

DMV:

When driving within 500 to 1000 ft from a school where children are present, the speed limit is ____ mph

25

67

DMV:

What's the speed limit when traveling in a residential area?

25mph

68

Book 8:

How often shall a driver check his mirrors while driving?

Every 5 sec

69

According to Book 8, Driver’s Training, Module 2, in a diesel engine, during the compression stroke, for each pound of pressure exerted on the air, there will be temperature increase of about _____ degrees F.

20

70

According to the commercial drivers pre-trip inspection of an apparatus:
With the engine running, check for excessive steering play by turning the steering wheel back and forth. Play should not exceed ___ degrees or about ___ inches on a 20-inch wheel before front wheels begin to move.

10 degrees or 2 inches

71

A live axel assembly is commonly mounted on ______, which take up some of the shock load that is produced when the power is applied to the wheels.

Leaf springs

72

Heavy apparatus generally have ______ floating drive axels. The wheels are not attached directly to the end of the axels, but are attached to a _____.

Full floating

Hub

73

When cruising choose a gear that will cruise the engine at ____ to _____ RPM lower than the 90% speed.

200 to 300

74

Overfilling the engine crankcase with engine oil can cause what to happen?

Overheating and aeration of oil

75

Why should fuel in a Diesel engine be kept to the full level whenever possible?

Prevent condensation of moisture inside a partially filled fuel tank. Water can disable the engine if it enters the fuel system

76

What is the most important factor in determining turning radius of a vehicle?

Length of wheelbase

77

During a backing operation, a safety spotter shall normally be positioned _____ of the safety officer and outside of the apparatus hazard zone.

Opposite

78

When responding as a task force, visibility of your apparatus an be increased if an ________ formation is used.

Off-set

79

What is the prime consideration when spotting a ladder truck?

The use of the aerial

80

For apartment fires, spot the aerial to a _____ of the building for rescue and/or roof access.

Corner

81

During backing operations as a tillerman, place both hands at the _____ (top or bottom?) of the steering wheel with palms _____ (up or down?).

Feed the steering wheel through the hands. Do not use a hand over hand method.

Bottom

Pam's up

82

Hydroplaning:

In heavy rain or slush your front wheels will leave the road. At less than ____ mph your front tires begin to lose contact with the pavement. At ____ mph your front tires lose all contact.

30

55

83

Most new treads on a tire are ____ of an inch

11/16

84

Smith system:

"Aiming high" ____ seconds ahead helps you to center yourself well in your lane, to plan your lane changes early and to drive around corners smoothly and confidently.

5 seconds

85

Per AOTM:

Audibility of a siren is diminished by _____ inside of a vehicle when all it's windows are closed, compared to audibility when the drivers window is open

1/3

86

"Aiming high" ____ seconds ahead helps you to anticipate those conflicts which could interrupt your smoothness and compromise your safety

10

87

What three factors does an Apparatus Operator consider as he is responding to an incident? (Fire)

1. Type of building
2. Is it multistory
3. Is there potential life hazard

88

Per book 8:

What is the average weight of a truck?

24 tons

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