Ch 1-16 Review Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 1-16 Review Deck (561)
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31

Tigris river

The Tigris river is one of the two great rivers in the Fertile Crescent. Tigress means "arrow"

32

Euphrates river

The Euphrates river is one of the two great rivers in the Fertile Crescent. Euphrates means "that makes fruitful"

33

Mesopotamia

The land between and immediately around the Tigris and Euphrates. Mesopotamia means "land between the rivers"

34

Canaan

The center of the ancient world

35

Megiddo

The valley also called Armageddon that will be the last battle ground of world history

36

Cuneiform

Wedge shaped writing

37

Polytheis

One who worshiped many gods

38

Monotheist

One who worships only one God/god

39

Humanist

One who makes men into gods

40

Anu

The god of the sky

41

Ziggurat

A tower built in tiers or stages, each stage smaller than the one beneath, all atop a large amount of clay or debris

42

Nanny

The moon god that supposedly owned the city of Ur

43

Empire

The rule by one city or people over other cities or people's

44

Bureaucracy

A group of people appointed by a ruler to help him govern

45

Shamash

The sun God who supposedly gave Hammurabi authority to make his code of laws

46

Laws

Rules people follow in living together

47

Promulgation

Making the laws known

48

Equality under the law

All people who commit the same crime should be punished in the same way

49

Marduk

The chief god of Babylon who became the king of all gods

50

Nation state

A nation or people living in its own land with its own government

51

Baal

The chief god of the Canaanites

52

Dispersion

The scattering of people over the earth

53

Israel's conquest of Canaan

Canaan, the center of the ancient world, has had a central and strategic position in the world; Israel became a nation – state.

54

Why is the call of Abraham considered an important event in human history?

It marks the beginning of God's plan for the salvation of mankind. God chose Abraham to father a great nation Israel, out of whom Jesus Christ, the savior of mankind, would come.

55

Explain the division of history between years B.C. And A.D.

B.C. means "before Christ" and A.D. is the abbreviation for the Latin phrase anno Domini, "in the year of our Lord." The first coming of Jesus Christ was so important that it became the main dividing point of history.

56

Mix rain

Ham's son who settled in Egypt

57

Herodotus

The Greek historian who wrote the descriptions of the wonders of ancient Egypt

58

Joseph

The vizier who prepare to Egypt for a seven year famine

59

Moses

The man God used to deliver Israel from slavery

60

Jean Francis Champollion

The scholar who deciphered the Rosetta Stone and unlocked the secrets of hieroglyphics