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Flashcards in Ch. 1 Deck (47):
1

The development of all the following chronic diseases is strongly associated with dietary choices except.

Alzheimer's Disease

2

All nutrients are divided into ______ classes.

Six

3

To a scientist describing nutrients, the term "organic" means nutrients that

Contain both carbon and hydrogen

4

What is the primary source of fuel for the brain

carbohydrates

5

Of the following nutrients, which contains nitrogen

proteins

6

which of the following is an example fo an inorganic nutrient

calcium (mineral)

7

which of the following are examples of carbohydrate-rich foods

wheat and lentils

8

which dietary standard, expressed as percentages of total energy, defines the recommended intake range for the macronutrients

Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range (AMDR)

9

which of the following nutrients is not organic

water

10

which of the following nutrients is the most energy dense

fat

11

which of the following best describes minerals

inorganic micronutrients found in a variety of foods

12

an important source of energy for muscles during times of rest and low-intensity exercise is

fat

13

the building blocks of proteins are called

amino acids

14

which of the following is not a primary function of dietary protein

serving as a primary source of energy for the body

15

proteins are not found in

water

16

vitamins are classified into two groups: fat soluble and ____________

water soluble

17

vitamin c and the b vitamins are termed

water-soluble vitamins

18

which of the following is false

fats are soluble in water

19

which of the following describes the vitamins a d e and k

potentially toxic

20

inorganic nutrients that are not broken down by the human body or destroyed by heat or light are called

minerals

21

overconsumption of _______ has the greatest potential for toxicity

vitamin d

22

the _____ is the standard used to estimate the daily nutrient needs of half of all healthy individuals

estimated average requirement (EAR)

23

which of the following is NOT a function of water in the body

provides a source of energy to work and play

24

according to the acceptable macronutrient distribution range (AMDR) what percentage of your daily calories should be provided y carbohydrate

45-65 percent

25

the highest average amount of a nutrient that can be consumed without a risk of adverse health effects to almost all individuals in a particular age and gender group is called the

tolerable upper intake level (UL)

26

the _____ is the leading federal agency in the united states that protects human health and saftey

Centers for disease control and prevention (CDC)

27

the BRFSS is the goverment

survey that tracks lifestyle habits that increase risks for developing chronic diseases

28

which of the following professional titles has no definition or laws regulating it

nutritionist

29

the type of study that compares a group of individuals with a disease to another similar but healthy group is called a

case control study

30

the group given a specific treatment or intervention during an experiment is called the ______ group

experimental

31

what is the first step of the scientific method

observe a phenomenon

32

national health and nutrition examination survey (NHANES) collects dietary information of americans by using a

personal interview that collects information from a 24-hour diet recall

33

you can think of nutrition as the discipline that encompasses everything about _____

food

34

the specialty area in nutrition called ___ seeks to uncover links between our genes, our environment, and our diet

nutrigenomics

35

the multidimensional, lifelong process that includes physical, emotional, and spiritual health is called _____

wellness

36

the energy derived from food is expressed in units called _____

kilocalories

37

the chemicals found in foods that are critical to human growth and function are called ____

nutrients

38

the term _____ is commonly used to describe foods that are grown without the use of synthetic pesticides

organic

39

the primary source of fuel for the body is _____

carbohydrate

40

amino acids are the smallest unit of a _____

protein

41

the dietary _____ intakes (DRIs) are a group of standards that define the recommended intake values for various nutrients.

reference

42

a _____ is an imitation treatment that has no known physical effect or therapeutic value on the subjects in a research study

placebo

43

another name for an epidemiological study is an ______ study

observational

44

a _____ represent a hypothesis or group of related hypothesis that have been confirmed through repeated scientific experiments

theory

45

the misrepresentation of a product, program, or service for financial gain is called _____

quackery

46

the Centers for _____ Control and Prevention (CDC) is considered the leading federal agency in the United states that protects human health and safety

Disease

47

a Registered _____ is a health professional who has earned a bachelor's degree, has completed extensive nutrition related course work, and has successfully completed a nation dietetics exam

Dietitian