Ch. 15 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 15 Deck (36):
1

the development of the ____ system is particularly dependent on adequate consumption of fat during the toddler years

nervous

2

the most common nutrient deficiency in young children is caused by inadequate ____ consumption

iron

3

what would be the best source of dietary calcium for a young toddler

whole milk

4

for proper growth and development, toddlers should consume ____ percent of their total daily energy intake as fat

30-40

5

overweight in children is defined as having a BMI at or above the _____ percentile

85th

6

obesity in children is defined as having a BMI at or above the _____ percentile

95th

7

the american academy of pediatrics recommends the intake of fruit juice be limited to _____ fluid ounces per day for children 1-6 years of age

6

8

what is not associated with developing toddlers healthy eating habits

rewarding meal completion with dessert

9

federal guidelines specify that school lunches must provide ______ of the 1989 RDAs for protein, vitamin a, vitamin c, iron, calcium, and energy

1/3

10

federal guidelines in the us specify that school lunches must contain no more than _____ percent of the thotal calories from saturated fat

25

11

how much fat is recommended for a preschooler

25-35% of total energy

12

what is not an appropriate weight control recommendation for an overweight 11 year old

decrease caloric intake by 1000 calories a day

13

what are dental caries

cavities

14

growth acceleration in adols\escence is primarily driven by

hormonal changes

15

what nutrient is added to municipal water supplies to promote healthy teeth formation

fluoride

16

peak bone mass is typically achieved in

late teens and early tweties

17

the total amount of energy needed per day for any given age is called the _____ energy requirement

estimated

18

the cartilage that is located at the end of long bones that closes when growth ceases is called the ___ plate

epiphyseal

19

what will not help establish healthful eating habits in toddlers

use food as a reward for healthful behaviors

20

what correctly describes "milk displacement"

the selection of low-nutrient beverages in place of milk

21

what is associated with the premature closure of the epiphyseal plate

reduced activity level

22

what is not related to the increased iron needs in adolescence

iron utilization slows down

23

adolescent acne is caused by

hormonal changes

24

the leading cause of death among high school youths is

automobile accidents

25

adolescent food patterns are strongly influenced by everything but

parents

26

what best describes the "Milk Matters" campaign

government campaign to encourage tens to consume more milk and dairy foods

27

the fastest growing age subgroup in the US today is

>85 year olds

28

all of the following are physiological changes that typically occur with aging except decreased

fat mass

29

in the elderly a ____ deficiency can lead to a decreased sens of taste and smell

zinc

30

a reduced production of gastric secretions often seen in older adults can result in

a reduced absorption of calcium

31

what is not a reason that vitamin D and calcium supplements are recommended for elderly individuals

absorption of calcium and vitamin d is reduced as we age

32

in older adults, which of the following is a mineral important to a healthy immune system and wound healing

zinc

33

the RDA for ____ decreases with age

iron

34

what can not contribute to chronic dehydration in elderly individuals

perspiration increases as we age

35

on average, americans have a life expectancy that extends into the

late seventies

36

the absorption of vitamin _____ increases in older adults

A