Ch. 11 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 11 Deck (37):
1

a body weight that exceeds 100% of thenormal standard for a given height is called

morbid obesity

2

what does not define a "healthy body weight"

a weight that is acceptable to society

3

body mass index is best described as ______

a ratio of an individual's body weight to their height squared

4

research studies have shown that the risk for developing type 2 diabetes and hypertension begins to increase at a BMI greater than

30

5

Serena is 5'8" tall and weights 180 pounds. Serena's BMI indicates that she is _____

overweight

6

a limitation in using the body mass index is that it _____

does not take body composition into account

7

an apple-shaped fat pattern increases a person's risk for _____ disease

liver

8

in men, a waist-to-hip ratio higher than _____ is associated with an increased risk for chronic disease

0.90

9

Describe the energy balance equation

energy consumed equals energy expended

10

Lance would like to lose two pounds a week. If his present energy intake is 4200 kcals a day and his energy expenditure does not change, how many kilocalories should he consume each day to achieve his goal

3200

11

the label of ready-to-eat cereal box indicates that 1 cup contains 32 grams of carbohydrate, 4 grams of protein, and 2 grams of fat. How many kcals are there in two cups of this cereal.

324 kcals

12

what are not basal functions

walking up stairs

13

about 5 to _____ percent of our total energy output is attributable to the thermic effect of food

10

14

the primary determinant of basal metabolic rate is an individual's _____

lean body mass

15

what individual would most likely have the lowest basal metabolic rate

a 28 year old overweight woman

16

Benjamin is an 18 year old college student who is 5'10" and weighs 170 pounds. How many kilocalories does he expend each day for basal metabolism?

1855

17

the three components of total energy expenditure include _____

basal metabolic rate, physical activity, and the thermic effect of food.

18

the amount of energy expended by the body in digesting, absorbing, transporting, metabolizing, and storing nutrients is called ______

the thermic effect of food

19

Robin's dinner contains 750 kilocalories. How many kilocalories will Robin expend in order to process this meal.

38-75 kilocalories

20

what nutrient requires a small amount of energy to digest, transport, and store.

fat

21

one pound of body fat is equal to _____ calories

3500

22

Miguel weighs 250 pounds and is trying to lose weight. He decides to start an exercise program and starts walking 2mph for 30 min, five days a week. this activity burns 0.044 kcals/kg body weight/minute. how many additional kcals will miguel burn each week with this exercise regime?

750

23

the thrifty gene theory suggests that _____

some people possess a gene that causes them to expend less energy than other people

24

leptin is a hormone produced by _____ cells

adipose

25

Ghrelin is _____

a gastric protein that stimulates appetite

26

what is false about Peptide YY, sometimes called PYY

occurs in higher levels in obese people

27

by detecting and responding to the body's physiological signals, the _____ is the part of the body in control of hunger regulation

hypothalamus

28

on average, an individual's BMR decreases approximately 3-5% per decade after they reach _____ years of age

30

29

what is not a low carbohydrate, high protein diet

the DASH diet

30

what is not one of the primary components of a sound weight change plan

a change of more that 2 pounds per week

31

what type of weight loss will an individual experience by restricting calories but not increasing his or her level of physical activity

the individual will lose mostly lean body tissue

32

what is the national weight control registry

an ongoing project detailing the habits of people who have lost at least 30 pounds and maintained their weight for at least one year

33

you weighed a team of football players and, according to their BMI, they are categorized as overweight and obese. What would you most likely conclude.

their muscle weight is probably responsible for the elevated BMIs

34

what would be bad advice for someone who is trying to gain weight

not exercising

35

being underweight does not increase a persons risk of developing

infection and illness

36

in theory, what would be the approximate weight gain of a person who consumes an excess of 500 kcal every day for four weeks

4 lbs

37

what is the most important dietary aspect to modify for weight loss

calories