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Flashcards in Ch 1 Quiz Deck (26):
1

Which type of anatomy listed below is NOT an example of gross anatomy?

a. regional anatomy
b. surface anatomy
c. cellular anatomy
d. systemic anatomy

c. cellular anatomy

2

Which specialty of physiology would be
the profession of someone studying the
effects of heart disease?

a. pathological physiology
b. systemic physiology
c. organ physiology
d. cellular physiology

a. pathological physiology

3

Anatomy is to __ as physiology is to __.

a. cutting up; putting together
b. structure; function
c. function; structure
d. medical terminology; medical tests

b. structure; function

4

Why is the study of human anatomy and
physiology critical to your everyday life?

a. It develops an understanding of how the body works under normal conditions.
b. It serves as a foundation for other life sciences.
c. It is useful in knowing what is happening when illness occurs.
d. All of the above are correct.

d. All of the above are correct.

5

Which of the following sciences is
considered the oldest medical science?

a. chemistry
b. physiology
c. epidemiology
d. anatomy

d. anatomy

6

At which level of organization does a
histologist investigate structures?

a. molecular
b. organ
c. tissue
d. cellular

c. tissue

7

Why is it important to study each level of structural organization?

a. The organization at each level determines structural characteristics of higher levels.
b. The organization at each level determines functions of higher levels.
c. A and B are correct answers.
d. It is not relevant to study all levels of organization.

c. A and B are correct answers.

8

The following is a list of several levels of organization that make up the human body. Put them in order from smallest to largest.
1) tissue 3) organ 5) system
2) cell 4) organelle

a. 1, 3, 4, 2, 5
b. 4, 1, 2, 5, 3
c. 5, 3, 1, 2, 4
d. 4, 2, 1, 3, 5

d. 4, 2, 1, 3, 5

9

What is NOT true of the lymphatic system?

a. defends against infection
b. includes the liver and the pancreas
c. returns fluids to the bloodstream
d. includes the tonsils and the thymus

b. includes the liver and the pancreas

10

How do you effectively distinguish cytology from histology?

a. Cytology studies structures of tissues; histology studies functions of tissues.
b. Cytology analyzes internal structures of individual cells; histology studies groups of specialized cells that work together.
c. Cytology uses light microscopy; histology uses electron microscopy.
d. Cytology studies disease states;
histology studies only healthy tissues.

b. Cytology analyzes internal structures of individual cells; histology studies groups of specialized cells that work together.

11

A disturbance in homeostasis ________.

a. causes a disease if the disturbance persists
b. causes a dynamic equilibrium that is always restored
c. causes death within a short period of time
d. always causes several organ systems failing simultaneously

a. causes a disease if the disturbance persists

12

Most examples of extrinsic regulation of organ systems in the human body will be controlled via ________.

a. negative feedback
b. positive feedback
c. autoregulation
d. homeostasis

a. negative feedback

13

Why is homeostatic regulation important to an organism?

a. Regulation allows individual organ systems to gain total control of the body.
b. Individual cells tolerate large ranges of conditions when regulated properly.
c. Physiological systems can function normally only under carefully controlled conditions.
d. Regulation provides a good framework
for studying human physiology.

c. Physiological systems can function normally only under carefully controlled conditions.

14

Which of these statements describe(s) extrinsic regulation?

a. Extrinsic regulation results from the activities of the nervous system or endocrine system.
b. Extrinsic regulation adjusts activities automatically in response to some environmental change.
c. Extrinsic regulatory mechanisms involve oxygen levels declining in a tissue that would promote local vasodilation.
d. Statements B and C are correct.

a. Extrinsic regulation results from the activities of the nervous system or endocrine system.

15

Why is positive feedback helpful in blood clotting, but unsuitable for the regulation of rising body temperature?

a. Positive feedback accelerates the clotting
process, but would cause temperature to rise
out of control.
b. Positive feedback would cause temperature to
decrease; negative feedback would cause
dynamic equilibrium to occur in blood clotting.
c. Positive feedback is not reliable.
d. Positive feedback works only in life-
threatening situations.

a. Positive feedback accelerates the clotting
process, but would cause temperature to rise
out of control.

16

Which terms below are mismatched?

a. liver/abdominal cavity
b. lungs/pleural cavity
c. stomach/pelvic cavity
d. bladder/pelvic cavity

c. stomach/pelvic cavity

17

When the body is in the correct anatomical position, what does that look like?

a. The terms left and right refer to the left and right sides of the observer.
b. Hands are at the sides, dorsum of the hand facing forward, legs apart, head slightly to one side.
c. Hands are at the sides, palms facing forward, feet together, eyes straight ahead.
d. The person must be lying down.

c. Hands are at the sides, palms facing forward, feet together, eyes straight ahead.

18

Bruce has gallbladder problems. Where does Bruce have pain?

a. epigastric region
b. umbilical region
c. right lumbar region
d. right upper quadrant

d. right upper quadrant

19

If a surgeon makes an incision just inferior to the diaphragm, which body cavity will be opened?

a. the abdominopelvic cavity
b. the pleural cavity
c. the dorsal cavity
d. the pericardial cavity

a. the abdominopelvic cavity

20

The __ peritoneum surrounds organs and the __ peritoneum lines the __. This membrane functions to __.

a. dural; parietal; cranial cavity; separate brain
and spinal cord
b. pleural; pericardial; thoracic cavity; protect
internal structures
c. visceral; parietal; abdominopelvic cavity; allow
organs to slide across each other
d. parietal; visceral; thoracic cavity;
allow expansion of organs

c. visceral; parietal; abdominopelvic cavity; allow
organs to slide across each other

21

Which type of section would separate/divide the body down the midline between the eyes?

a. transverse section
b. coronal section
c. parasagittal section
d. midsagittal section

d. midsagittal section

22

The patella is __ to the tarsals and __ to the thigh.

a. proximal; distal
b. medial; inferior
c. superior; distal
d. lateral; inferior

a. proximal; distal

23

The pleura is ______ to the pericardium and _______ to the diaphragm.

a. posterior; lateral
b. superior; superficial
c. lateral; deep
d. lateral; superior

d. lateral; superior

24

Contents of the thoracic cavity include the __ and is further subdivided into the __ cavities.

a. brain and spinal cord; cranial and vertebral
b. heart and lungs; pleural and pericardial
c. liver and stomach; abdominal and pelvic
d. B and C are correct.

b. heart and lungs; pleural and pericardial

25

Amy complains of pain in a structure located in the superior and medial part of her body. Which structure fits this description?

a. auris
b. hallux
c. nasus
d. patella

c. nasus

26

A receptor, a control center, and an effector are the three parts of a homeostatic regulatory mechanism. Which of the these describes the respective functions of each component?

a. receives and processes information; a cell or organ
that responds to commands; a sensor receptive to
stimulus
b. a sensor receptive to stimulus; receives and
processes information; a cell or organ that responds to
commands
c. activity that opposes or enhances a stimulus; receives
information; keeps characteristics of internal
environment within certain limits
d. all of the above

b. a sensor receptive to stimulus; receives and
processes information; a cell or organ that responds to
commands