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Flashcards in ch 4 quiz Deck (26):
1

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of epithelial tissue?

a. It is composed of densely packed cells.
b. It stores energy reserves.
c. It is avascular.
d. It is capable of regeneration.

b. It stores energy reserves

2

The epithelia that line the body cavities and blood vessels is called_______.

a. simple columnar
b. simple cuboidal
c. simple squamous
d. transitional

c. simple squamous

3

A gland that has no ducts and secretes directly into the extracellular fluid or blood is called a(n) _____.

a. exocrine gland
b. tubular gland
c. acinar gland
d. endocrine gland

d. endocrine gland

4

Secretory cells of sebaceous glands fill with secretions and then rupture. Classify this type of exocrine gland.

a. It is an acinar gland.
b. It is an apocrine gland.
c. It is a holocrine gland.
d. It is a merocrine gland.

c. It is a holocrine gland

5

What is the functional significance of gap junctions?

a. They maintain water-tight passages.
b. They resist stretching and twisting.
c. They share ions between adjacent cells.
d. They attach to the extracellular matrix.

c. They share ions between adjacent cells

6

If a person has a herniated intervertebral disc, which type of cartilage has been damaged?

a. elastic cartilage
b. fibrocartilage
c. hyaline cartilage
d. areolar cartilage

b. fibrocartilage

7

Mesenchyme connective tissue gives rise to which tissue type(s)?

a. stratified epithelial tissues
b. smooth and cardiac muscle tissues
c. all nervous tissues
d. all connective tissues

d. all connective tissues

8

Why does cartilage heal so slowly?

a. It lacks a direct blood supply, which is necessary for proper healing.
b. Chondroitin sulfate prevents healing.
c. Matrix inhibits cellular regeneration.
d. Interstitial fluid, necessary for proper healing, is excluded.

a. It lacks a direct blood supply, which is necessary for proper healing.

9

Lack of vitamin C in the diet interferes with the ability of fibroblasts to produce collagen. What effect might this interference have on connective tissue?

a. Tissue is unable to phagocytize.
b. Tissue is unable to produce melanin.
c. Tissue is weak and prone to damage.
d. Tissue is unable to produce heparin.

c. Tissue is weak and prone to damage.

10

______ are classified as supporting connective tissue because ______.

a. Adipose and dense regular connective tissues; they support and cushion internal organs
b. Muscle and blood; they have the highest need for oxygen
c. Bone and cartilage; they form the framework of the body
d. B and C are correct.

c. Bone and cartilage; they form the framework of the body

11

Which type of connective tissue contains primarily triglycerides?

a. areolar
b. adipose
c. reticular
d. mesenchyme

b. adipose

12

Which two types of connective tissue have a fluid matrix?

a. lymph and cartilage
b. cartilage and bone
c. blood and bone
d. blood and lymph

d. blood and lymph

13

Connective tissues share three basic components. Which of the following lists these components?

a. specialized cells, extracellular fibers, and ground substance
b. mast cells, adipocytes, and mesenchymal cells
c. macrophages, elastic fibers, and collagen fibers
d. none of the above

a. specialized cells, extracellular fibers, and ground substance

14

Many allergy sufferers take antihistamines to relieve their allergy symptoms. Which type of cell produces the molecules that this medication blocks?

a. eosinophils
b. mast cells
c. basophils
d. both B and C

d. both B and C

15

Exfoliative cytology is the study of cells that shed or are removed from an epithelial surface. Which of the below would NOT be an example of exfoliative cytology?

a. when a doctor performs amniocentesis
b. when a sample of stomach fluid is analyzed
c. when a doctor performs a bone biopsy
d. when a pap smear is performed

c. when a doctor performs a bone biopsy

16

Which terms below are mismatched?

a. pseudostratified columnar epithelium/trachea
b. stratified columnar epithelium/small intestine
c. simple squamous/endothelium
d. simple cuboidal/thyroid follicle

b. stratified columnar epithelium/small intestine

17

Which epithelial tissue would be found lining the ureters and urinary bladder?

a. simple columnar epithelial tissue
b. stratified squamous epithelial tissue
c. transitional epithelial tissue
d. simple cuboidal epithelial tissue

c. transitional epithelial tissue

18

Epithelial tissue has several distinctive properties. Which correctly lists these properties?

a. avascular and cellularity
b. polarity and regeneration
c. lines exterior surfaces and attached to basement membrane
d. all of the above

d. all of the above

19

Which of the following is NOT a serous membrane?

a. pericardium
b. pleura
c. peritoneum
d. They are all serous membranes.

d. They are all serous membranes.

20

An adhesion, or scar tissue, develops inside the body when _______ membranes are damaged.

a. mucous
b. synovial
c. cutaneous
d. serous

d. serous

21

Which type of muscle cell has multinucleated conditions, sarcomeres, and multiple mitochondria?

a. skeletal
b. cardiac
c. smooth
d. all of the above

a. skeletal

22

Identify the cell type below that assists the function of neurons and has a supportive role within the nervous system?

a. neuroglia
b. interneurons
c. adipocytes
d. goblet cells

a. neuroglia

23

Which cavities in the body are lined by serous membranes?

a. pleural, peritoneal, and pericardial
b. pericardial, pelvic, and pulmonary
c. nasal, urinary, and reproductive
d. cranial and abdominal

a. pleural, peritoneal, and pericardial

24

If skeletal muscle cells in adults are incapable of dividing, how is new skeletal muscle formed?

a. through the enlarging and splitting of existing cells
b. through the atrophy of existing cells
c. through the division and fusion of satellite cells
d. through the addition of new striations

c. through the division and fusion of satellite cells

25

Serous membranes differ from mucous membranes in what way?

a. Serous membranes line passageways that open to the exterior while mucous membranes line sealed internal subdivisions of the body cavity.
b. Mucous membranes line passageways that open to the exterior while serous membranes line sealed internal subdivisions of the body cavity.
c. Serous membranes secrete mucus while mucous membranes secrete transudate.
d. Serous membranes are parietal while
mucous membranes are visceral.

b. Mucous membranes line passageways that open to the exterior while serous membranes line sealed internal subdivisions of the body cavity.

26

Where is hyaline cartilage located in the human body?

a. It forms part of the nasal system.
b. It reinforces the trachea.
c. It is found as a pad of cartilage within the knee joint.
d. A and B are correct.

d. A and B are correct