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Flashcards in ch 9 quiz Deck (26):
1

How would you classify a suture in the skull according to its movement/function?

a. synarthrosis
b. synchondrosis
c. synostosis
d. syndesmosis

a. synarthrosis

2

In a newborn infant, the large bones of the skull are joined by fibrous connective tissue. The joints are ______ and will grow, interlock, and form immovable bones called _______ joints.

a. synarthroses; gomphosis
b. symphyses; sutural
c. synchondroses; synostosis
d. syndesmoses; sutural

d. syndesmoses; sutural

3

Which answer below is an example of an amphiarthrotic joint?

a. syndesmosis between the distal tibia and fibula
b. symphysis between pubic bones
c. symphysis between the vertebral bodies of the vertebral column
d. all of the above

d. all of the above

4

If you were looking at a synchondrosis in a skeleton, you’d be looking at the _____.

a. joint between the first rib and manubrium
b. epiphyseal cartilage between epiphysis and diaphysis of a long bone
c. pubic symphysis
d. both A and B

d. both A and B

5

The vertebral column does not contain intervertebral discs between ________. The absence of discs is significant because ______.

a. sacral vertebrae; these vertebrae are fused
b. coccygeal vertebrae; these vertebrae are fused
c. the atlas and the axis; a disc would prevent rotation
d. all of the above

d. all of the above

6

Which tissues or structures provide most of the stability for the shoulder joint?

a. bone and adipose
b. tendons and bones
c. fatty pads and muscles
d. ligaments and muscles

d. ligaments and muscles

7

Which of these characteristics is NOT a component of synovial joints?

a. ends of opposing bones covered by articular cartilage
b. joint cavity enclosed by an articular capsule
c. synovial membrane made of dense regular connective tissue
d. synovial fluid

c. synovial membrane made of dense regular connective tissue

8

Joints are classified structurally as _____, based on _____.

a. sutures, gomphoses, or synchondroses; locomotion
b. cartilaginous, fibrous, or synovial; material binding the joint
c. synarthroses, amphiarthroses, or diarthroses; amount of movement
d. monaxial, biaxial, or triaxial;
number of planes of movement

b. cartilaginous, fibrous, or synovial; material binding the joint

9

Joints are classified functionally as _____, which is based on _____.

a. sutures, gomphoses, or synchondroses; location
b. cartilaginous, fibrous, or synovial; material binding the joint
c. synarthroses, amphiarthroses, or diarthroses; amount of movement
d. monaxial, biaxial, or triaxial;
number of planes of movement

c. synarthroses, amphiarthroses, or diarthroses; amount of movement

10

The anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments of the knee are distinctive in what way?

a. They tighten only when the knee is fully extended.
b. They are inside the joint capsule and prevent anterior and posterior movement of the femur.
c. They reinforce the joint’s posterior surface.
d. They work with the patellar ligament
to support the anterior surface
of the joint.

b. They are inside the joint capsule and prevent anterior and posterior movement of the femur.

11

Which joints are considered pivot joints?

a. the joint between the tibia and fibula
b. the joint between the pollex and metacarpal I
c. the joints between the carpal bones
d. the joint at the proximal radius and ulna

d. the joint at the proximal radius and ulna

12

Which of the following joints is a biaxial synovial condyloid joint?

a. the joint between metacarpal I and the thumb
b. the radiocarpal joint
c. the pivot joint at C1 and C2
d. the hinge joint between the proximal and medial phalanges

b. the radiocarpal joint

13

When you do jumping jacks, which lower limb movements are necessary?

a. flexion and extension
b. abduction and adduction
c. flexion and abduction
d. plantar flexion and eversion

b. abduction and adduction

14

Types of angular motion include which of these movements?

a. pronation and supination
b. circumduction
c. adduction and abduction
d. both B and C

d. both B and C

15

A person standing on her toes is ____, while a person trying to kick his own gluteal region is _____.

a. plantar flexing; flexing his leg
b. dorsiflexing; extending his leg
c. everting her feet; flexing his thigh
d. inverting her feet; pronating
his leg

a. plantar flexing; flexing his leg

16

Why is “clergyman’s knee” (a type of bursitis) common among carpet layers and roofers?

a. Their jobs demand locked knees for long periods of time.
b. They kneel often.
c. Bursitis is caused by skin abrasion as happens in their jobs.
d. There is lateral stress on the
knee in these occupations

b. They kneel often.

17

After Terry injured his elbow, he noticed a large degree of motion between the radius and the ulna at the elbow. Which ligament did Terry damage?

a. radial collateral ligament
b. ulnar collateral ligament
c. annular ligament
d. interosseus membrane

c. annular ligament

18

What symptoms would you expect to see in an individual who has damaged the menisci of the knee joint?

a. difficulty in locking the knee
b. inability to stabilize the joint
c. pain in the knee area
d. all of the above

d. all of the above

19

Which ligament connects the occipital bone with the spinous process of all cervical vertebrae?

a. supraspinous ligament
b. ligamentum flavum
c. ligamentum nuchae
d. interspinous ligament

c. ligamentum nuchae

20

A football player received a blow to the upper surface of his shoulder, causing a shoulder separation. What does this mean?

a. breaking of the clavicle and scapula
b. dislocation of the acromioclavicular joint
c. dislocation of the sternoclavicular joint
d. none of the above

b. dislocation of the acromioclavicular joint

21

Why would joint immobility contribute to the degeneration of articular cartilages in the affected joint?

a. Synovial fluid nourishes the cartilage with nutrients and picks up waste products.
b. Blood flow would decrease within the cartilage.
c. Articular cartilage would absorb too much water.
d. Both A and B are correct.

a. Synovial fluid nourishes the cartilage with nutrients and picks up waste products.

22

You have a young adult patient complaining of joint pain and inflammation. Her uric acid levels are abnormal. Your diagnosis is _____ and the cause is _____.

a. gouty arthritis; uric acid crystals in synovial fluid
b. rheumatoid arthritis; autoimmune
c. osteoarthritis; wear and tear of joints
d. herniated disc; rupture of the
anulus fibrosus

a. gouty arthritis; uric acid crystals in synovial fluid

23

Which vertebral movements are involved in (a) looking at the ceiling, (b) bending your neck side to side, and (c) moving your chin to your chest?

a. (a) hyperflexion; (b) rotation; (c) flexion
b. (a) hyperextension; (b) extension; (c) rotation
c. (a) rotation; (b) lateral flexion; (c) flexion
d. (a) hyperextension; (b) lateral flexion;
(c) flexion

d. (a) hyperextension; (b) lateral flexion;
(c) flexion

24

Menisci are not found in every synovial joint. Menisci are ________. Their function is ________.

a. another name for bursae; reducing friction
b. pads of fibrocartilage; subdividing a synovial cavity and allowing for variations in shape of articular surfaces
c. fat pads; protecting articular cartilage
d. specialized intracapsular ligaments;
reducing undesirable movements

b. pads of fibrocartilage; subdividing a synovial cavity and allowing for variations in shape of articular surfaces

25

Where would you find the following ligaments: iliofemoral ligament, pubofemoral ligament, and ischiofemoral ligament?

a. hip joint
b. knee joint
c. shoulder joint
d. ankle joint

a. hip joint

26

The relationships of the skeletal system to which other systems is critical for regulation of calcium and phosphate levels?

a. respiratory and lymphatic systems
b. integumentary and reproductive systems
c. endocrine and cardiovascular systems
d. digestive and urinary systems

d. digestive and urinary systems