Test 1 Ch 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Test 1 Ch 1 Deck (39):
1

integumentary

organs-skin, hair, sweat glands, nails
functions- protect against environmental hazards, regulate body temp, and provide sensory info.

2

skeletal

organs- bones, cartilages, associated ligaments, and bone marrow
function- provide support and protection for other tissues, stores calcium and minerals, and forms blood cells

3

muscular

organs- skeletal muscles and associated tendons
function- provide movement, protection and supports other tissues, generates heat

4

nervous

organ- brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, sense organs
functions- directs immediate responses to stimuli, coordinates or moderates activities for other organ systems, provides and interprets sensory info about external conditions

5

endocrine

organs- pituitary gland, thyroid gland, pancreas, adrenal glands, gonads, endocrine tissues in other systems
functions- directs long-term changes in the activities of other organ systems, adjusts metabolic activity and energy use in body, and controls many structural and functional changes during development

6

cardiovascular

organ- heart, blood, blood vessels
function- distributes blood cells, water and dissolved materials, distributes heat

7

lymphatic

organ- spleen, thymus, lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, tonsils
function- defends against infection and disease, returns tissue fluids to the blood stream

8

respiratory

organ-nasal cavities, sinuses, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs, alveoli
function- delivers air to alveoli, provides oxygen to blood stream, removes carbon dioxide, produces sounds for communication

9

digestive

organ- teeth, tongue, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, intestines, liver, gall bladder, pancreas
function- process and digest food, absorb and conserves water and nutrients, stores energy reserves

10

urinary

organ- kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra
function- excretes waste products from blood, controls water balance, stores urine, regulates blood ion concentrations and pH

11

male reproductive

organ- testes, epididymides, ductus deferentia, seminal vesicles, prostate gland, penis, scrotum
function- produce male sex cells, suspending fluid, and hormones, sexual intercourse

12

female reproductive

organ- ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, vagina, labia, clitoris, mammory glands
function- produce female sex cells, supports developing embryo, provides milk, sex

13

anterior

the front surface

14

ventral

the belly side

15

posterior

the back surface

16

dorsal

the back surface

17

cranial

the head

18

cephalic

the head

19

superior

above, at a higher level

20

caudal

the tail

21

inferior

below; at a lower level

22

medial

toward the body's longitudinal axis/midsagittal plane

23

lateral

away from the body's longitudinal axis/midsagittal plane

24

proximal

toward an attached base

25

distal

away from an attached base

26

superficial

at, near, or relatively close to the body surface

27

deep

farther from the body surface

28

transverse

perpendicular to long axis, inferior and superior

29

horizontal

perpendicular to long axis, inferior and superior

30

sagittal

parallel to long axis, right and left

31

midsagittal

median section, right and left sides

32

parasagittal

right and left unequal sides

33

frontal

seperates anterior and posterior

34

coronal

seperates anterior and posterior

35

ventral cavity

contains thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities

36

thoracic cavitiy

right and left pleural, mediastinim, pericardial cavities

37

abdominopelvic cavity

abdominal, pelvic, and retroperitoneal cavities

38

mediastinim cavity

pericardial cavity- heart

39

dorsal cavity

cranial and vertebral cavities