final Flashcards Preview

A&P 1 > final > Flashcards

Flashcards in final Deck (103)
Loading flashcards...
1

1. The heart is found in which cavity?
a. Dorsal
b. Ventral
c. Thoracic
d. Abdominopelvic
e. Two of the above

e. Two of the above

2

2. Which plane separates the anterior and posterior parts of the body?
a. Sagital
b. Midsagital
c. Transverse
d. Coronal
e. Oblique

d. Coronal

3

3. What is the superior border of the abdominopelvic cavity?
a. Pelvic floor
b. Clavicle
c. Diaphragm
d. Rectus abdominis muscle
e. Crainium

c. Diaphragm

4

4. When a person is standing, facing forward, with their arms at their sides, palms turned forward, and feet together; this position is termed what?
a. Prone position
b. Cephalic position
c. Anatomical position
d. Caudal position
e. Under arrest

c. Anatomical position

5

5. Supine means?
a. Face down
b. Face up
c. Face side
d. Face back
e. None of the above

b. Face up

6

6. Which quadrant will you most likely find the appendix?
a. Left upper
b. Right upper
c. Left lower
d. Right lower
e. Left lumbar region

d. Right lower

7

7. The ankle is said to be in what relationship to the hip?
a. Distal
b. Proximal
c. Cephalic
d. Dorsal
e. Thoracic

a. Distal

8

8. The study of structures is termed?
a. Histology
b. Anatomy
c. Physiology
d. Structureology

b. Anatomy

9

9. What is the term for the head?
a. Inferior
b. Manus
c. Antecubital
d. Cephalic

d. Cephalic

10

10. A pathophysiologist looks at what?
a. Relationships between organs of a system
b. Relationships between organ systems
c. The course and effect of a disease on organ systems
d. Cell structure

c. The course and effect of a disease on organ systems

11

1. Which is not one of the four types of tissues?
a. Striated
b. Connective
c. Muscular
d. Neural
e. Epithelial

a. Striated

12

2. Which is not a function of epithelial tissue?
a. Control permeability
b. Physical protection
c. Sensation
d. Strength
e. Secretions

d. Strength

13

3. What type of junction holds cells together but allows for communication between cells?
a. Tight junctions
b. Gap junctions
c. Button desmosomes
d. CAM’s
e. Vesicles

b. Gap junctions

14

4. Which of the following is incorrect about the naming of epithelial tissues?
a. Cell shape
b. Layers
c. Attachment to the basal lamina
d. Amount of nuclei

d. Amount of nuclei

15

5. Which method of secretion requires the tissue to constantly be replaced?
a. Merocrine
b. Apocrine
c. Neurocrine
d. Holocrine
e. Burstocrine

d. Holocrine

16

6. Which of the following is a supportive connective tissue?
a. Adipose
b. Bone
c. Loose connective
d. Cartilage
e. Two of the above

e. Two of the above

17

7. Which is not a dense regular tissue?
a. Capsule
b. Tendon
c. Ligament
d. Aponeurosis

a. Capsule

18

8. What are the types of Cartilage?
a. Fibrocartilage
b. Elastic cartilage
c. Osseous cartilage
d. Hyaline cartilage
e. A,B, and C
ab. A,B,D

ab. A,B,D

19

9. What layer of skin is the difference in thick and thin skin?
a. Stratum Germinativum
b. Stratum Spinosum
c. Stratum Lucidum
d. Stratum Granulosum
e. Stratum Corneum

c. Stratum Lucidum

20

10. One layer in the dermis is called the papillary layer, what is the other?
a. Calcitiol
b. Reticular
c. Carotene
d. Cyanosis
e. None of the above

b. Reticular

21

1. Which is not a function of bone?
a. Support
b. Storage of minerals
c. Protection
d. Blood cell production
e. All of the above are functions

e. All of the above are functions

22

2. Which type of bone is described by the following? Thin, roughly parallel surfaces and contain red blood cells.
a. Flat
b. Short
c. Irregular
d. Long
e. Sesamoid

a. Flat

23

3. In which step of endochondral ossification does remodeling of the bone occur the most?
a. Step 1, cartilage enlargement
b. Step 2, blood vessel formation around edges
c. Step 3, blood vessels penetrate the cartilage and central region
d. Step 4, growth and marrow cavity creation
e. All but A

d. Step 4, growth and marrow cavity creation

24

4. What is the name of the cartilage on the ends of bones in the joints?
a. Epiphyseal
b. Articular
c. Fibrous
d. Symphysis
e. Costal

b. Articular

25

5. Which cartilage allows the bone to grow in length (interstitial)?
a. Epiphyseal
b. Articular
c. Fibrous
d. Symphysis
e. Costal

a. Epiphyseal

26

6. Which is not part of the axial division of the skeleton?
a. Skull
b. Auditory ossicles
c. Pectoral girdle
d. Hyoid bone
e. Vertebral column

c. Pectoral girdle

27

7. Which of the following is a function of the axial skeleton?
a. Provides an attachment for muscles that move in appendicular skeleton
b. Provides an attachment for muscles that move the head, and neck
c. Provides an attachment for muscles involved in respiration
d. All of the above
e. None of the above

d. All of the above

28

8. The ribs attach to the thoracic vertebrae at two locations. Please name the two. (circle all that apply)
a. Body
b. Transverse process
c. Spinous process
d. Pedicle

a. Body
b. Transverse process

29

1. What is the name of the bone that holds the Olfactory nerve?
a. Sphenoid
b. Occipital
c. Temporal
d. Ethmoid
e. Nasal

d. Ethmoid

30


10. What is the only boney connection for the upper extremity to the axial skeleton?
a. Sternoclavicular joint
b. Costoclavicular joint
c. Scapuloverebral joint
d. Scapulohumeral joint
e. Acromioclavicular joint

a. Sternoclavicular joint