Flashcards in Ch 20 Deck (50)
Where did the Industrial Revolution begin?
England's textile factories
Name the inventor of each of the following inventions:
Flying shuttle – John Kay-1738
Spinning Jenny - James Hargreaves- 1764
Water frame –Richard Aekwright-1769
Spinning mule - Samuel Crompton-1779
Power loom- Edmund Cartwright - 1785
What device did Eli Whitney invented in what crop did it make king in the southern states
The cotton gin; cotton
What is the Bessemer process and what two men developed it?
It is s process for converting iron to steel using currents of air
Henry Bessemer and William Kelly
Name two famous canals that were dug in the 19th century
Eerie and Suez
Who invented the first practical steamship? What was it called?
Robert Fulton; the Clermont
Who opened the worlds first public steam powered rail road and when?
George Stephenson -Englishmsn-1825
How did Gottlieb Diamler and Rudolf diesel improved transportation?
Gottlieb Diamler invented the internal combustion engine 1886
Rudolf diesel invented the diesel engine
Who perfected the electric telegraph? Who laid the first successful trans-Atlantic telegraph cable?
Who has been called the greatest inventor in history? Name five of his inventions.
Thomas Alva Edison
motion picture projector
improved telephone system
incandescent electric light bulb
When did the Wright brothers make their first successful flight and where?
December 17, 1903 in Kitty Hawk North Carolina
Who made the automobile affordable for most Americans?
Who is the leader in the oil industry? Who is the leader in the steel industry? Describe the philanthropic endeavors of these men.
John D. Rockefeller
Rockefeller gave money to start at the university of Chicago in 1891. He helped fund the restoration of Williamsburg Virginia to its 18th century appearance. He contributed $3 billion in contributions. Andrew Carnegie funded the Carnegie Institute of technology and the Carnegie Institute of Washington. He helped fund Booker T. Washington's Tuskegee Institute in Alabama. He helped finance foundations of public libraries in the United States and England.
Identify these things
Sir Humphrey Davy
Penny Postage System
Alexander Graham Bell
The Gospel of Wealth
List five major causes of industrialism in the 19th century.
The rise of modern science
Advances in agriculture
Rise of international trade
What philosophy did Adam Smith advocate in wealth of Nations? What did he call for an international scale?
Individual freedom in economics leads to the greatest good not only for the individual but for society as a whole.
What country has enjoyed the greatest blessings of capitalism?
For what industry is each of the following cities noted
Pittsburgh – steel
Minneapolis – flour mills
Saint Paul – flour mills
Chicago – meatpacking centers
Cincinnati - meatpacking centers
When did modern big business begin?
19th century around 1889. Between 1865-1900.