Ch 20 Flashcards Preview

7th History > Ch 20 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 20 Deck (50)
Loading flashcards...
31

Where did the Industrial Revolution begin?

England's textile factories

32

Name the inventor of each of the following inventions:
flying shuttle
spinning Jenny
water frame
spinning mule
power loom

Flying shuttle – John Kay-1738
Spinning Jenny - James Hargreaves- 1764
Water frame –Richard Aekwright-1769
Spinning mule - Samuel Crompton-1779
Power loom- Edmund Cartwright - 1785

33

What device did Eli Whitney invented in what crop did it make king in the southern states

The cotton gin; cotton

34

What is the Bessemer process and what two men developed it?

It is s process for converting iron to steel using currents of air


Henry Bessemer and William Kelly

35

Name two famous canals that were dug in the 19th century

Eerie and Suez

36

Who invented the first practical steamship? What was it called?

Robert Fulton; the Clermont

37

Who opened the worlds first public steam powered rail road and when?

George Stephenson -Englishmsn-1825

38

How did Gottlieb Diamler and Rudolf diesel improved transportation?

Gottlieb Diamler invented the internal combustion engine 1886
Rudolf diesel invented the diesel engine

39

Who perfected the electric telegraph? Who laid the first successful trans-Atlantic telegraph cable?

Samuel Morse
Cyrus Field

40

Who has been called the greatest inventor in history? Name five of his inventions.

Thomas Alva Edison
Phonograph
motion picture projector
mimeograph machine
improved telephone system
incandescent electric light bulb

41

When did the Wright brothers make their first successful flight and where?

December 17, 1903 in Kitty Hawk North Carolina

42

Who made the automobile affordable for most Americans?

Henry Ford

43

Who is the leader in the oil industry? Who is the leader in the steel industry? Describe the philanthropic endeavors of these men.

John D. Rockefeller
Andrew Carnegie

Rockefeller gave money to start at the university of Chicago in 1891. He helped fund the restoration of Williamsburg Virginia to its 18th century appearance. He contributed $3 billion in contributions. Andrew Carnegie funded the Carnegie Institute of technology and the Carnegie Institute of Washington. He helped fund Booker T. Washington's Tuskegee Institute in Alabama. He helped finance foundations of public libraries in the United States and England.

44

Identify these things

Enclosure movement
James Watt
Sir Humphrey Davy
clipper ships
transcontinental railroad
Penny Postage System
Alexander Graham Bell
Model T
philanthropy
The Gospel of Wealth

45

List five major causes of industrialism in the 19th century.

Spiritual revival
The rise of modern science
Advances in agriculture
Technological developments
Rise of international trade

46

What philosophy did Adam Smith advocate in wealth of Nations? What did he call for an international scale?

Individual freedom in economics leads to the greatest good not only for the individual but for society as a whole.

Free trade

47

What country has enjoyed the greatest blessings of capitalism?

America

48

For what industry is each of the following cities noted
Pittsburgh
Minneapolis
St. Paul
Chicago
Cincinnati?

Pittsburgh – steel
Minneapolis – flour mills
Saint Paul – flour mills
Chicago – meatpacking centers
Cincinnati - meatpacking centers

49

When did modern big business begin?

19th century around 1889. Between 1865-1900.

50

Identify these things

Mercantile system
Free-trade
Laissez-faire
GNP