Flashcards in Ch. 21: Alterations of Hormonal Regulation (Notes) Deck (45)
One of the causes of hypothyroidism is....
a deficiency of endemic iodine
The lower levels of thyroid hormone result in decreased energy metabolism resulting in....
What is the most common causes of secondary hyperparathyroidism because of the resulting hyperphosphatemia that stimulates PTH secretion?
chronic renal failure
In hypothyroidism, a lack of circulating PTH causes a _____ resulting in the symptomatology.
depressed serum calcium level
A man with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) has the following lab values: arterial pH 7.20; serum glucose 500 mg/dL; urine glucose and ketones positive; serum K+ 2 mEq/L; serum Na+ 130 mEq/L. He reports that he has been sick with the "flu" for 1 wk. What do you suspect is his problem?
decreased glucose use
- this causes increase in fatty acid use, ketogenesis, metabolic acidosis, and osmotic diuresis all of which he has.
T/F: Glucose accumulates in the blood and appears in the urine as the renal threshold for glucose is exceeded, producing an osmotic diuresis and the symptoms of polyuria and thirst.
What is one of the basic pathophysiologies of type 2 diabetes?
the development of insulin-resistant tissue cells
Lila (a pt. with type 1 diabetes) experiences hunger, lightheadedness, tachycardia, pallor, headache, and confusion. the most likely cause of these symptoms is _____, which is often caused by a lack of systemic glucose resulting from muscular activity.
What is the result of a compensatory mechanism directed at eliminating metabolic acidosis?
____ is ONLY seen in DKA.
Hypoglycemia followed by rebound hyperglycemia is seen only in_____.
the Somogyi effect
What is the first manifestation of this form of renal failure? (?? What Butler had)
What is common in individuals with DM because of increases in LDLs and TGs?
What are a result of capillary basement membranes thickening and endothelial cell hyperplasia?