Ch 4: Intelligence and Giftedness Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 4: Intelligence and Giftedness Deck (26):
1

psychometry

measurement of mental abilities through task performance

2

Gaulle

psychometry, influenced by Darwin, intelligence testing

3

Deviation IQ

score based on statistical comparison of individual's performance w/ average performance of others in that age group

4

cultural loading

cultural biased IQ test should not be used

5

cautions w/labelling

1. labels do not indicate treatments
2. self-fulfilling prophecies (provide stigma)
3. labels =/= explanations

6

gardner's theory of multiple intelligence

- no general intelligence
- defined by community standards
- "content" focused

7

multiple intelligences

inter/intrapersonal, naturalist, verbal, logical, visual, musical, etc.

8

sternberg's triarchic theory of intelligence

1. analytic
2. creative/experiential
3. practical/contextual

9

analytic intelligence

think abstractly and process info effectively

metacomponents + performance components + knowledge-acquisition components

10

creative/experiential intelligence

formulate new ideas, combine somewhat unrelated facts/info

insight + automaticity

11

practical/contextual

adaptation in real world

12

convergent vs divergent thinking

c: single solution
d. multiple solutions

13

Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking

scoring based on:
originality + fluency + flexibility + elaboration

given a situation on how to use an object (eg how to use a brick)

14

field dependence

learning style; patterns perceived as wholes

15

field independence

learning style; separate parts of a pattern are perceived/analyzed

16

Renzulli and Reis 1991 Definition of Giftedness

1. top 1 or 5%
2. high creativity
3. high commitment/persistence

17

curriculum compacting

assessing knowledge -> teaching only for those goals not yet reached

18

ability grouping (tracking)

creation of student groups according to ability

19

individualized educational plan (IEP)

specified plan matched to individual talents

20

fluid intelligence

culture-free/non-verbal mental efficiency that is grounded in brain development

21

crystallized intelligence

ability to apply culturally approved problem-solving methods

22

learning styles

way a person approaches learning and studying

23

learning preferences

preferred ways of studying/learning

24

learned helplessness

expectation based on previous experiences involving lack of control, that all of one's efforts will lead to failure

25

inclusion

practice of integrating exceptional students into regular education classrooms (participation* rather than placement)

26

integration

practice of having exceptional students participate w/nonexceptional peers