Ch 8 Cognitive views Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 8 Cognitive views Deck (30):
1

general knowledge

applicable across a variety of situations/tasks (reading, writing, comp.)

2

domain-specific knowledge

about a particular task or subject

3

declarative knowledge

stated in verbal form

4

procedural knowledge

cannot be articulated, but you know how to express by doing

5

conditional knowledge

knowing when/why to use declarative/procedural

6

working memory: central executive

responsible for monitory/directing attention to other mental resources

7

working memory: phonological loop

system; 1.5 sec worth of info and looping it

8

visuospatial sketchpad

holding system for visual/spatial info

9

chunking

grouping together related items so more can be remembered

10

long-term memory

explicit and implicit

11

semantic (explicit)

memory for meaning

12

propositions (semantic)

smallest unit of info that can be judged true/false

13

propositional network (semantic)

set of interconnected concepts and relationships in which long-term knowledge is held

14

schemata/schemas

basic structures for organizing in info; concepts

15

script ( semantic schemas)

schema for a sequence of steps in a common event

16

story grammar (semantic)

schema for structure of category stories

17

episodic (explicit)

recollections of specific personal incidents (autobiographical episodes)

18

procedural (implicit)

memories not necessarily articulated (know how to express by doing)

19

(maintenance) rehearsal

repeating info to yourself

20

elaboration

adding/extending meaning by connecting new info to existing knowledge

21

organization

provision of structure to info

22

mnemonics

techniques for remembering the art of memory

23

loci method

technique of associating items w/specific places

24

keyword method

systems of associating new words/concepts w/similar-sounding cue words and images

25

capacity of short-term and sensory memory

s-t: 15-20 sec
s:

26

automaticity

result of learning to perform a behaviour so thoroughly it becomes automatic

27

intrinsic cognitive load

resources required by task itself, regardless of other stimuli

28

extrinsic cognitive load

resources required to process stimuli irrelevant to task

29

germane cognitive load

deep processing of info related to task, including application of prior knowledge to new task

30

priming

activating a concept in memory or the spread of activation from one concept to another