Ch 9 Complex Cognitive Processes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 9 Complex Cognitive Processes Deck (17):
1

decay

material not brought to mind frequently enough fades

2

massed practice

practice for a single extended period (cramming)

3

distributed practice

practice in brief periods w/rest intervals (deeper processing)

4

interference

loss of info bc something learned before/after the target info inhibits its recall

5

proactive inhibition

previous learning interferes w/current recall

6

retroactive inhibition

subsequent learning interferes w/recall of previous learning

7

retrieval cue failure

inability to find a way/path to the item stored in memory (eg deja vu and dysnomia)

8

repression

forgetting unpleasant events

9

false memory syndrome

false memories that become more vivid and elaborate over time, very strongly believed

10

metacognition

knowledge about and awareness of one's own thinking processes

11

executive control processes

eg selective attention, rehearsal, elaboration, organization

influences encoding, storage, and retrieval of info in memory

12

metacognitive skills

planning, monitoring, evaluation of performance on tasks (ADHD people are weak at these)

13

automated skills

applied w/o conscious thought

14

cognitive stage (automated)

first stage, conscious thought required to perform each step of task

15

associative stage (automated)

steps of procedure are combined into larger units

16

autonomous stage (automated)

procedure is fine-tuned, can be performed automatically as a whole

17

factors facilitating development through automated stages

prior knowledge + practice w/feedback