Ch 10 Constructivism Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 10 Constructivism Deck (15):
1

constructivism

emphasizes active role of learning in building understanding and making sense of info

2

first wave constructivism

individualistic (Piaget)

3

radical constructivism

knowledge is assumed to be the individual's construction (cannot be judged right or wrong)

4

second wave constructivism

social and cultural sources of knowing (Vygotsky)

5

assumptions

- multiple perspectives on how individuals view the world
- constructs perspectives by building mental models
- new mental models are easily built when they are linked to existing models
- actively construct meaning for themselves

6

trivial constructivism

knowledge = reconstruction of structures that really exist in the external in world

7

objectivism

knowledge/truth exist outside the mind of the individual

8

social constructionism

ways we create concepts, negotiate social reality, and how they become part of social reality

9

situated learning

idea that skills and knowledge are tied to the situation in which they were learned and that they are difficult to apply in new settings

10

communities of practice

social situation in which ideas are judged useful or true

11

legitimate peripheral participation

gradual process of development in which learners progress toward increasing competence

12

social negotiation

aspect of learning process relies on collaboration

13

intersubjective attitude

build shared meaning w/others (finding common ground, exchanging interpretations)

14

multiple representations of content

considering problems using various analogies, examples, metaphors

15

spiral curriculum

Bruners design for teaching
-fundamentals in lower grades
-revisits in more complex forms over time