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Flashcards in Concept Learning Deck (19):
1

defining attributes (feature comparison theory)

distinctive features shared by members of a category

2

fuzzy boundaries (feature comparison theory)

defining abstract concepts like "game", "justice", love", etc.

3

graded membership (feature comparison theory)

extent to which something belongs to a category

4

prototype (prototype theory)

best representative a category (eg fruits: apple, not avocado)

5

exemplar (prototype theory)

specific examples of concept; of a particular thing that exemplifies concept

6

exemplar theory

compare things w/concepts in your memory (exemplars used instead of prototypes)

7

4 components of teaching concepts

- examples + nonexamples
- (ir)relevant attributes
- name of concept
- definition

8

2 components of a good definition

- reference to a more general category
- statement of concept's defining attributes
(cultural variation in conceptualization)

9

domain of experience principle (principles of categorization)

things that belong to a domain/frame of experience are categorized together

10

myth and belief principle (principles of categorization)

things that are linked by myth/belief are categorized together

11

important property principle (principles of categorization)

things that have an important property are categorized together

12

functional fixedness

inability to us objects/tools in a new way

13

response set

tendency to respond in a familiar way

14

stand-alone programs

teach strategies independent of a particular content domain

15

embedded programs

teacher strategies w/i context of a particular subject mater

16

SQ3R (Robinson)

- S-urvey: read through chapter intro/objects/summary
- Q-uestion
- R-ead
- R-ecite
- R-eview

17

SPELT goal - (Mulcahy)

Strategies Program for Effective Learning/Thinking

goal: autonomy/independence in learners

18

SPELT 3 phases

- direct instruction (teach strategies)
- socratic questioning (promote transfer across curriculum)
- students encouraged to generate their own strategies

19

SPELT critical thinking

evaluating conclusions by logically/systematically examining problem/evidence/solution

- different disciplines think critically in different ways
- metacognitive about thinking
- introduce vocabulary to children so they can use it to understand their thinking