Ch3 Self Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch3 Self Deck (23):
1

self-concept

beliefs about ourselves
(ideas, feelings, attitudes, expectations)

2

self-esteem

value placed on our characteristics, abilities, and behaviour

3

self-as-subject

we exist as an individual distinct from the objects surrounding them as well as from other individuals

4

self-as-object

attributes/characteristics we ascribe to ourselves; what one knows oneself to be like (develops after s.a.subject)

5

theory of mind

other people have their own minds, thoughts, feelings, beliefs, perceptions too

6

perspective taking ability

understanding that others have different feelings and experiences

7

preconventional level

"hedonistic"
stage 1: obedience orientation
stage 2: rewards/exchange orientation

8

obedience orientation

obey rules to avoid punishments and bad consequences

9

rewards/exchange orientation

right/wrong determined by personal needs and wants

10

conventional level

"judgement based on approval/expectations/laws/values"
stage 3: being nice/relationships orientation
stage 4: law and order orientation

11

stage 3: being nice/relationships orientation

being good = being nice/pleasing to others

12

stage 4: law and order orientation

laws/authorities must be obeyed; the social system must be maintained

13

postconventional level

stage 5: social contract orientation
stage 6: universal ethical principles orientation

14

stage 5: social contract orientation

the moral choice is determined by socially agreed upon standards ("greatest good for the greatest number")

15

social comparison

process of comparing one's self w/ others to gather info and to evaluate one's abilities

16

collective self-esteem

sense of value held by a group to which the individual belongs

17

Kohlberg's Moral Dilemma

situation in which no choice is clearly and indisputably right

18

Piaget's Stages of Moral Development

1. moral realism
2. morality of cooperation

19

moral realism

children see rules as absolute (development stage)

20

morality of cooperation

children realize people make/change rules

21

Giligan's Theory of Moral Development ("An Ethic of Care")

1. self interest
2. commitment to specific individuals and relationships
3. responsibility and care for all
(research w women going through abortion)

22

mens rea vs actus reus

m.r.: guilty mind
a.r.: guilty act

23

Kant's Categorical Imperative

human beings are rational
- morality should be based on conduct/ethics, "treat others the way you want to be treated"