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eukaryotes

have membrane encoded compartments (organelles) and a nucles

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mitochondia

in animal and plant cells. organelle that releases energy

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created an internal environment for chemical reactions within a cell, made up of phospholipids and fatty acids

membranes

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evolution

change in genetic makeup of a biological population over time

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binomial naming

Genus and species of an organism. for organization

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used for research, organisms that researchers can use and extend their findings to other organisms

model organisms

 

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structual, physiological or behavioral traits that increase an organism's chance of surviving. can come from mutations

adaptations

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controlled experiment

an experiment that manipulates one of the variables being tested

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theory

body of knowledge with facts to back it up

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endosymbiosis

how organelles are hypothesized to hae originated, larger cells engulfing smaller cells

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phylogenic tree

shows evolutionary relationships. evidence from fossils, genome analysis and metabolic processes. shows history of organisms

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determined by fossils,  structures, chemical processes, behavior and molecular analysis of genome

evolutionary relationships

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protein

these are macromolecules. polymers made out of amino acids. They govern chemical reactions in cells and form organism’s structure. Functions include enzymes, receptor, transport and genetic regulation

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 changes in an organism's DNA. sometimes give rise to structural and functional changes. these can be advantageous and contribute to natural selection. heritable

mutations

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these are macromolecules. polymers made out of amino acids. They govern chemical reactions in cells and form organism’s structure. Functions include enzymes, receptor, transport and genetic regulation

protein

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gene

specific part of DNA that encodes proteins

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nucleic acids

DNA and RNA, store instructions for how to synthesize proteins

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Genus

group of species that share a recent common ancestor

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chloroplast

in plant cells. organelle that specializes in photosynthesis

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examples are synthesis movement and electrical work

cellular work

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group of species that share a recent common ancestor

Genus

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membranes

created an internal environment for chemical reactions within a cell, made up of phospholipids and fatty acids

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class of individuals with common attributes. capable of interbreeding

species

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chemical reactions that release energy from molecules using oxygen, more efficient

aerobic metablism

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prokaryotes

lack internal membrane bound organelles. no nucleus

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change in genetic makeup of a biological population over time

evolution

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adaptations

structual, physiological or behavioral traits that increase an organism's chance of surviving. can come from mutations

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sum total of all chemical reactions and work done in all cells of an organism

metabolism

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shows evolutionary relationships. evidence from fossils, genome analysis and metabolic processes. shows history of organisms

phylogenic tree

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comparative experiment

field study, look for differences between samples/groups. no manipulation involved.