Flashcards in Chapter 10 Blood Deck (74):
What is blood composed of?
Plasma and formed elements
Plasma is the ______ part of blood
What is the primary component of blood
What are some of the substances that the plasma contains or dissolves ?
Albumins, globulins, and fibrinogen
Where does the waste that plasma dissolves get sent ?
Plasma is made up of
Proteins water and other Solutes
What are three things the plasma protein contains ?
What is the function of albumin
What is the function of globulins ?
Protects from infection.; contains antitoxin
What is the functions of fibrinogen ?
Help with blood clotting
What is blood serum
Plasma minus it's clotting factors such as fibrinogen
On average what percent of our body weight is blood ?
7 to 9%
What factors influence the amount of blood in our body
Size and f
What are the three main types of Formed elements found in blood?
Erythrocytes, leukocytes, platelets and thrombocytes
What two types of connective tissue make blood cells for the body ?
Myeloid and lymphatic tissue
What is myeloid tissue known as?
Red bone marrow
Red bone marrow forms all types of blood cells except ....?
Lymphocytes and monocytes
What allows transport for two types of substances
Carbon dioxide and oxygen
What is the red blood pigment in blood ?
What is oxyhemoglobin and what does it do ?
Makes it possible the efficient transport of large quantities of oxygen to body cells
What is anemia
A number of different diseases conditions caused by an inability of blood to carry sufficient oxygen to body cells
What is pernicious anemia
Lack of vitamin b12
What is polycythemia
Excess of RBC
Iron deficiency anemia causes a shortage of
What is hematocrit
It tells physicians the volume of RBC in blood sample
What do WBC do in general
Defend the body from microorganisms
What two wbcs are also called phagocytes
Neutrophils and monocytes
What is phagocytosis
Cells ingest microbes take them into their own cell bodies and digest them in the process
How do lymphocytes act differently than phagocytes
They make you immune to infectious diseases
What do b lymphocytes do?
Produce specific antibodies to fight off microbes
What do T lymphocytes do?
Directly attack the microbes
What do eosinophils do?
Protect from parasites and irritants that cause allergies
What do basophils do?
Also protects against allergy irritants
Eosinophils and basophils produce Herapin. What is Herapin
It helps prevent clotting of blood while flowing through the blood vessels
What is low WBC count
What is high WBC count
Platelets play an important role in ....
When an injury happens and blood vessel turns from smooth to ...
Where do injured tissue cells release clotting factors?
What does the thrombin react with to form fibrin?
How can gauze help the process of clotting?
the slight roughness causes more platelets to stick togethe
Why do physicians prescribe vitamin K prior to surgery?
make sure the patients blood woll clot fast enough to prevent hemorrhage
What is it called when a clot occurs in an unbroken blood vessel and stays in that location?
When a clot occurs in an unbroken blood vessel and circulates the blood stream what is it called ?
What is an antigen?
a substance that can activate the immune system to make certain responses including making antibodies
located in plasma membrane of the blood stream
what are non self antigens
All substances that act as antigens stimulate immune systems
what are formation antibodies?
a substance made by the body in response to stimulation by an antigen
What are function antigens?
a substance that reacts with the antigen that stimulated its formation
what is it called when antibodies clump together
What does the letter of your blood stand for ?
your self antigen
what is another name for a platelet ?
what is a lack of vitamin b12 called?
the laboratory test called hematocrit tells the physician
the volume of red cells in a blood sample
An example of a nongranular leukocyte is a
an abnormally high white blood cell count is known as
a critical component in hemoglobin is
Sickle cell anemia is caused by
the production of an abnormal type of hemoglobin
the practice of using blood transfusions increase oxygen delivery to muscles during athletic events is called
The term used to describe the condition of a circulating blood clot is
which one of the following types of cells isnot a granular leukocyte
if a blood cell has no nucleus and is shaped like a biconcave disc, then the cell most likely is a
red blood cell
red bone marrow forms all kinds of blood cells except
myeloid tissueis found in all but which one of the following locations
the hematocrit value for red blood cells is
AN unusually low white blood cell count would be termed
most of the oxygentransported in the blood is carried by
red blood cells
the most numerous of thephagocytes are the
Which one of the following types of cells is not phagocyte
wich of the following cell types functions intheimmune process
which of the foloowing vitamins acts to accelerate blood clotting
WHich one of the following substances is not a part of the plasma
The normal volume of blood in an adult is aobut