Chapter 10 Blood Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10 Blood Deck (74):
0

What is blood composed of?

Plasma and formed elements

1

Plasma is the ______ part of blood

Liquid

2

What is the primary component of blood

Water

3

What are some of the substances that the plasma contains or dissolves ?

Albumins, globulins, and fibrinogen

4

Where does the waste that plasma dissolves get sent ?

Excretory organs

5

Plasma is made up of
7% ______
91%______
2%________

Proteins water and other Solutes

6

What are three things the plasma protein contains ?

Albumins
Globulins
Fibrinogen

7

What is the function of albumin

Thicken blood

8

What is the function of globulins ?

Protects from infection.; contains antitoxin

9

What is the functions of fibrinogen ?

Help with blood clotting

10

What is blood serum

Plasma minus it's clotting factors such as fibrinogen

11

On average what percent of our body weight is blood ?

7 to 9%

12

What factors influence the amount of blood in our body

Size and f
Gender

13

What are the three main types of Formed elements found in blood?

Erythrocytes, leukocytes, platelets and thrombocytes

14

What two types of connective tissue make blood cells for the body ?

Myeloid and lymphatic tissue

15

What is myeloid tissue known as?

Red bone marrow

16

Red bone marrow forms all types of blood cells except ....?

Lymphocytes and monocytes

17

What allows transport for two types of substances

Carbon dioxide and oxygen

18

What is the red blood pigment in blood ?

Hemoglobin

19

What is oxyhemoglobin and what does it do ?

Makes it possible the efficient transport of large quantities of oxygen to body cells

20

What is anemia

A number of different diseases conditions caused by an inability of blood to carry sufficient oxygen to body cells

21

What is pernicious anemia

Lack of vitamin b12

22

What is polycythemia

Excess of RBC

23

Iron deficiency anemia causes a shortage of

Iron

24

What is hematocrit

It tells physicians the volume of RBC in blood sample

25

What do WBC do in general

Defend the body from microorganisms

26

What two wbcs are also called phagocytes

Neutrophils and monocytes

27

What is phagocytosis

Cells ingest microbes take them into their own cell bodies and digest them in the process

28

How do lymphocytes act differently than phagocytes

They make you immune to infectious diseases

29

What do b lymphocytes do?

Produce specific antibodies to fight off microbes

30

What do T lymphocytes do?

Directly attack the microbes

31

What do eosinophils do?

Protect from parasites and irritants that cause allergies

32

What do basophils do?

Also protects against allergy irritants

33

Eosinophils and basophils produce Herapin. What is Herapin

It helps prevent clotting of blood while flowing through the blood vessels

34

What is low WBC count

Leukopenia

35

What is high WBC count

Leukopenia

36

Platelets play an important role in ....

Blood clotting

37

When an injury happens and blood vessel turns from smooth to ...

Rough

38

Where do injured tissue cells release clotting factors?

the plasma

39

What does the thrombin react with to form fibrin?

fibrogen

40

How can gauze help the process of clotting?

the slight roughness causes more platelets to stick togethe

41

Why do physicians prescribe vitamin K prior to surgery?

make sure the patients blood woll clot fast enough to prevent hemorrhage

42

What is it called when a clot occurs in an unbroken blood vessel and stays in that location?

thrombus

43

When a clot occurs in an unbroken blood vessel and circulates the blood stream what is it called ?

an embolus

44

What is an antigen?

a substance that can activate the immune system to make certain responses including making antibodies

45

Self antigens-

located in plasma membrane of the blood stream

46

what are non self antigens

All substances that act as antigens stimulate immune systems

47

what are formation antibodies?

a substance made by the body in response to stimulation by an antigen

48

What are function antigens?

a substance that reacts with the antigen that stimulated its formation

49

what is it called when antibodies clump together

agglutinate

50

What does the letter of your blood stand for ?

your self antigen

51

what is another name for a platelet ?

thrombocyte

52

what is a lack of vitamin b12 called?

pernicious anemia

53

the laboratory test called hematocrit tells the physician

the volume of red cells in a blood sample

54

An example of a nongranular leukocyte is a

eosinophil

55

an abnormally high white blood cell count is known as

leukocytosis

56

a critical component in hemoglobin is

calcium

57

Sickle cell anemia is caused by

the production of an abnormal type of hemoglobin

58

the practice of using blood transfusions increase oxygen delivery to muscles during athletic events is called

blood doping

59

The term used to describe the condition of a circulating blood clot is

embolism

60

which one of the following types of cells isnot a granular leukocyte

basophil

61

if a blood cell has no nucleus and is shaped like a biconcave disc, then the cell most likely is a

red blood cell

62

red bone marrow forms all kinds of blood cells except

lymphocytes

63

myeloid tissueis found in all but which one of the following locations

Lymph nodes
thymus
spleen

64

the hematocrit value for red blood cells is

75%

65

AN unusually low white blood cell count would be termed

leukpenia

66

most of the oxygentransported in the blood is carried by

red blood cells

67

the most numerous of thephagocytes are the

neutrophils

68

Which one of the following types of cells is not phagocyte

monocytes

69

wich of the following cell types functions intheimmune process

lymphocytes

70

which of the foloowing vitamins acts to accelerate blood clotting

K

71

WHich one of the following substances is not a part of the plasma

Hormones
slats
nutrients
wastes

72

The normal volume of blood in an adult is aobut

4-6 liters

73

blood is normally

neutral