Chapter 2 The Cell Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2 The Cell Deck (24):
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ATP

Chemical compound that provides energy used by body cells

1

Adipose

Fat tissues

2

Areolar

A type of connective tissue consisting of fibers and a variety of cells embedded in a loose matrix of soft sticky gel

3

Centriole

One pair of tiny cylinders in centrosomes of a cell; believed to be involved with the spindle fibers formed during mitosis

4

Chromatin

Staining substance in the nucleus ; divides into chromosomes during mitosis

5

Collagen

Principles organic constituent of connective tissue

6

Columnar

Shape in which cells are higher than they are wide

7

Cuboidal

Cell shape resembling a cube

8

Cytoplasm

A gel like substance of a cell exclusive of the nucleus and the other organelles

9

DNA

Deoxyribose nucleic acid

10

Hypertonic

A solution containing a higher level of salt than is found in a living red blood cell

11

Hypotonic

A solution containing a lower level of salt than is found in a living red blood cell

12

Interphase

He phase immediately before the visible stages of a cell division when DNA of each chromosome replicated itself

13

Mitosis

Indirect cell division involving complex changes on nucleus

14

Organelle

Cell organ, for example the ribosome

15

RNA

Ribose nucleic acid

16

Squamous

Scale like

17

Transcription

When double stranded DNA molecules unwind and form mRNA

18

Dialysis

Separation of smaller particles from larger particles through a semipermeable membrane

19

Diffusion

Spreading ; for example scattering of dissolved particles

20

Osmosis

Movement of a fluid through a semipermeable membrane

21

Phagocytosis

Ingestion and digestion of articles by a cell

22

Pinocytosis

The active transport mechanism used to transfer fluids or dissolved substances into cells

23

Filtration

Movement of water and small solute particles but not larger particles through filtration membrane
High concentration ---------> low pressure area