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Flashcards in Final Review Deck (187):
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Inferior

Back, in back of

1

Superior

Towards the head upper or above

2

Anterior

Front, in front of

3

Posterior

Back, in back of

4

medial

Towards towards the midline of the body

5

lateral

Towards the side of the body; away from the midline

6

proximal

towards or nearest the trunk of the body

7

distal

away from or farthest from the trunk or point of origin

8

Superficial

near the surface

9

Deep

away from the body surface

10

Supine

lying down face up

11

prone

lying face down

12

T/F
the heart is found anterior to the rib cage

False

13

T/F
The stomach is superior to the diaphram

false

14

T/F
the nose is located on the posterior surface of the body

False

15

T/F
the elbow lies distal to the forearm

false

16

T/F
the lungs lie lateral to the heart

true

17

T/F
the frontal plane divides the body into superior and inferior sections

false

18

T/F
the transverse plane divide the body into the right and left sides

false

19

T/F
the sagital plane divides your body into anterior and posterior sections

false

20

T/F
the ventral cavity lies posterior to the dorsal cavity

false

21

T/F
the dorsal cavity consist of the brain and the spinal cord

true

22

T/F
poplitteal is the front of the knee

false

23

T/F
Your axillary is your jaw bone

false

24

T/F
zygomatic means cheek

true

25

a lenghtwise plane running from fron to back that divides the body into equal right and left sides is called

midsagital

26

the thoracic portion of the ventral cavity is separated from teh abdominopelvic portion by a muscle called the

diaphram

27

The plane that divides the superior from the inferior is know as the ____ plane

transverse

28

The dorsal body cavity contains components of teh

nervous system

29

In the anatomical postition

The dorsal body cavity is posterior to the ventral cavity
the palms face towards the front of the body
the body is erect

30

Gluteal

Buttock

31

Femoral

thigh

32

Digital

toes and fingers

33

cubital

elbow

34

Axillary

armpit

35

Antebrachial

Forearm

36

Zygomatic

cheek

37

Orbital

eyeball

38

Tarsal

Ankle

39

Mammary

breast

40

Cephalic

head

41

Temporal

side of the skull

42

hyper

exessive, more than normal, too much

43

sub

below, under

44

dys

Bad, painful, abnormal

45

pro

before, forward

46

Trans

across, through

47

Retro

behind

48

Exo

outside

49

Aut

self

50

hypo

below, less than normal, under

51

Endo

before, forward

52

Re

back

53

dia

complete, thorough

54

Cyte

cell

55

ism

condition, process

56

globin

protein

57

itis

inflammation

58

algia

pain

59

gram

record, measurement

60

ectomy

cutting out, removal, excision

61

emia

blood condition

62

al

pertaining to

63

ic

pertaining to

64

oma

tumor mass

65

sis

state of

66

tomy

process of cutting into, incision

67

Transports air in and out of the body

respiratory system

68

secretes hormones and sentds them to the blood and body

endocrine

69

electrical messages to and from the brain 7 spinal cord

nervous system

70

reproductive system containing uterus, ovaries and cervix

female reproductive system

71

reproductive system containing testes , penis and prostate gland

male reproductive

72

produces urine and sends it out of the body

urinary system

73

breaks food down and sends nutrients to the blood stream

digestive

74

Transports O2, CO2 and proteins throughout the body

circulatory system

75

touch, smell, sight, and hearing are part of this sytem

skin and sense organs system

76

supports the body and allows for movement

musculoskeletal

77

A double membran surrounding the lungs

pleura

78

C1-C7, T1-T12, L1-L5, S1-S5 and the coccygeal are all parts of the

spinal column

79

The lumbar vertebrae are found at the ____ of the vertebral column

bottom

80

membrane surrounding the organs in the abdomen

peritoneum

81

dys

under

82

post

behind

83

re

behind

84

epi

above

85

ante

before

86

ultra

beyond

87

meta

beyond

88

intra

within

89

hyper

with

90

hypo

before

91

extra

outside

92

ec

outside

93

mal

bad

94

con

with

95

endo

within

96

"Protein factories" makes enzymes/proteins

ribosome

97

"highway" of the cell that transports and recieves synthesized

rough er

98

"highway" of teh cell that transports and recieves synthesized lipids and carbohydrates

Smooth er

99

"powerhouse" of the cell, AtP synthesis occurs here

Mitochondria

100

"post office" of teh cell, packages proteins

Golgi apparatus

101

"digestive system" of the cell gets rid of waste

lysosome

102

lie in a 90 degree angle ; help with cell division or reproduction

centrioles

103

Tail of sperm, aides in movement

flagella

104

phospholipid bilayer that allows movement into and out of the cell

plasma membrane

105

Dictates protein synthesis; plays role in active transport, metaboism, growth, and heredity

nucleus

106

ATP

energy required for active transport process is obtained from here

107

Adipose

fat tissue specialized to store lipids

108

Areolar

most common type of connective tissue, give form to organs

109

cilia

short hairlike structure that helps move things along teh cell

110

columnar

cells that are higher than they are wide

111

cuboidal

cube shaped cell

112

cytoplasm

gellike substance of the cell in which organelles are contained

113

DNA

genetic material of the cell; plays crucial role in protein synthesis

114

Interphase

DNA replicates itself during this time; also considered "resting"

115

mitosis

cell division

116

organelle

"little organs' found in the cytoplasm of a cell with a specific job

117

RNA

copy of DNA that is used to help in cell division

118

Squamous

flat and scalelike cell

119

Transcription

unwinding of DNa molecule and forming mRNA

120

Translation

protein synthesis by ribosome

121

Diffusion

small particles move from high concentration to low concentration

122

Filtration

movement of water and small solutes across a permeable membrane

123

osmosis

diffusion of water across a permeable membrane

124

phagocytosis

"to eat" engulf at eat foreign material with the help of a lysosome

125

Diaphysis

shaft made of hard compact bone

126

Yellow bone marrow

inactive fatty form of marrow found in adult skeleton

127

ligaments

attach bone to bone

128

Periosteum

"skin of bone" fiberous membrane covering a long bone

129

Osetocyte

living bone cells

130

Chondrocytes

cartilage cells

131

Ossification

cartilage changing to bone

132

Canaliculi

tiny passages or canals found in bone

133

Red bone marrow

blood cell formation takes place here

134

epiphyses

ends of long bone; place where you find spongy bones

135

sutures

immovable joint; can be found on the skull

136

epiphyseal plate

place where the bones grow

137

articulations

joints

138

homopoiesis

to make blood, blood cell formation

139

How do true ribs attach to the sternum

by cartilage

140

How many true ribs does the axial skeleton have

14

141

the longest bone of the body is the

femur

142

The spinal cord enter the cranium through a large hole in the bone

occipital

143

Freely moveable joints are

diarthroses

144

Ligaments grow out of the

periosteum

145

The largest joint in your body is the

knee

146

When you rotate your head are using this type of joint

pivot

147

The medullary cavity is filled with this

yellow bone marrow

148

The bone grows from the

epiphysis

149

Prolonged inactivity causesmuscles to shrinkin mass, a condition called

disuse atrophy

150

Walking is an example of which type of contractions

isotonic

151

pushing against a wall is an example of which type of contraction

isometric

152

Endurance training is also known as

aerobic training

153

In most cases isotonic contraction of muscles produces movement at a/an

joint

154

fluid filled sacs

bursae

155

attaches muscles to bone

tendons

156

the middle portion of the muscle, excludes the ends of the muscle

body

157

neuromuscular junction

point of contatct between the nerve ending and muscle fiber

158

Extension

movement that makes an angle at a joint larger

159

Threshold stimulus

Minimum level of stimulation required for a fiber to contract

160

lactic acid

builds up from a lack of oxygen to muscles during excercise

161

fever

elevation in body temperature

162

tetanic contraction

sustained, steady response by a series of stimuli on a muscle

163

hypothermia

decrease in body temperature

164

sarcomere

a functional or contracile unit of skeletal muscle

165

smooth muscle

involuntary muscles found in your organs

166

prime mover

muscle responsible for producing a particular movement

167

tonic contraction

allows us to maintain body posture

168

T/F
if muscles cells are stimulated repeatedly without adequate periods of rest, the strength of the muscle contraction will decrease resulting in fatigue

true

169

T/F
an adequate stimulus will contract a muscle fiber completely because of the all or nothing rule

theory

170

T/F When oxygen supplies run low , muscle cells produce ATP and other waste products during contraction

false

171

T/FAll muscles bring about movements by pulling on bones across moveable joints

false

172

T/F The point of contat between the nerve ending and the muscle fiber is called the motor neuron

false

173

pinocytosis

"to drink" active transport system use to transfer fluids into cells

174

which of the following are not a type of passive transport

pinocytosis and ion pumps

175

which of the following are not an example of active transport

filtration

176

which of the following is not a type of of protein structure found on the plasma membrane

flagella

177

what type of cell uses phagocytosis

white blood cell

178

which of the following does not belong with DNA

uracil

179

Whic of the following does not belong with DNA

thymine

180

what phase is not a part of mitosis directly

interphase

181

which phase does the DNA replicate itself

interphase

182

Which of the following is not a function of the plasma membran

protection
gateway for substances
identifies the cell

183

What are the DNA and RNA molecules made up of

sugar
base
phosphate group
AS FAR AS I GOT ON CHAPTER TWO

184

algia

condition of pain

185

hardening

scopy

186

disease condition

emia