Chapter One - Introduction Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter One - Introduction Deck (79):
0

Many similar cells that act together to perform a common function

Tissue

1

The basic type of homeostatic control system

Feedback; loop

2

Homeostatic control mechanisms are categorized as either _____ or _________ feedback loops

Negative ; positive

3

Negative feedback loops tend to __________ conditions

Change / negate

4

Positive feedback loops tend to __________ conditions

Stimulatory

5

Antecubital

Front of elbow

6

Umbilical

Navel

7

Changes and functions that occur during the early years are called

Developmental process

8

Changes and functions that occur after young adulthood are called

Aging process

9

Antebrachial

Forearm

10

The body's continuous ability to respond to changes the environment and to maintain relative continuity the internal environment

Homeostasis

11

The regions frequently used by health professionals to locate pain of tumors divides the abdomen into four basic areas

Planes

12

A lengthwise plane running from front to back that divides the body into right and left

Sagital planes

13

A study if the functions of living organisms a d their parts

Physiology

14

An organizations of varying numbers and kinds of organs arranged together to perform a complex function

System

15

The plane that divides superior from inferior

Transverse

16

The dorsal cavity contains the components of the

Nervous system

17

Similar cells acting together to perform a common function exist at the ________ level of organization

Tissue

18

The dorsal body cavity is the anterior to the ventral body cavity describes the

The anatomical position

19


Carpal

Wrist

20

Farthest from the point of origin

Distal

21

Digital / phalangeal

Fingers

22

Nearest to the point of origin it's part

Proximal

23

Away from the midline

Lateral

24

Femoral

Thigh

25

Towards the midline of the body

Medial

26

Cural

Leg

27

Tarsal

Ankle

28

Divides the body into front and back

Frontal plane

29

Divides the body into right and left

Sagital plane

30

Frontal

Forehead

31

Orbital

Eye

32

Splits body into top and bottom

Transverse plane

33

Prone

Face down

34

Nasal

Nose

35

Zygomatic

Upper cheek

36

Buccal

Cheek

37

Ventral cavity?

Thoratic

Abdominal

Dorsal

38

Oral

Mouth

39

Dorsal Cavity

Brain and spinal cord

40

Axial

Head, neck, torso, trunk

41

Thoratic

Chest

42

Appendicular

Upper and lower extremities

43

The most complex units that make up the Body

Systems

44

A group of several different kinds of tissues arranged to performs
A special function

Organ

45

Denotes a living thing

Organism

46

Abdominal

Abdomen

47

Pelvic

Pelvis

48

The smallest living units of structure and function in the body

Cell

49

Inguinal

Groin

50

Pedal

Foot

51

Temporal

Side of skul

52

Anatomical position

Body- face upward
Arms- at sides
Feet- erect
Prone- face downward
Supine - forward

53

Dorsal

Back

54

Inferior

Below

55

Olecranal

Back of elbow

56

Lumbar

Loin

57

Gluteal

Buttock

58

Medial

Toward midline of the body

59

Popliteal

Back of the knee

60

Plantar

Sole of foot

61

Superior

Upper or above

62

Cranial

Skull

63

Cervical

Neck

64

Cephalic

Head

65

Facial

Face

66

Supraclavicular

Area above clavicle

67

Antebrocheal

Forearm

68

Axillary

Armpit

69

Farthest from the point if origin of a body point

Distal

70

Ventral cavity includes

Thoracic
Abdominal
Pelvic
Mediastinum
Pleural

71

Dorsal cavity

Cranial

Spinal

72

Describes the relative consistency of the body's internal environment

Homeostasis

73

Brachial

Arm

74

Cubical

Elbow

75

Toward the side of the body

Lateral

76

Mammary

Breast

77

Axillary

Armpit

78

Ventral

Front (abdominal side)