Flashcards in Chapter Eight Quest Deck (62):
what are general senses?
microscopic receptors throughout the body
What are special senses
large complex organs located groupings of specialized receptors
What are photoreceptors stimulated by?
What are chemoreceptors stimulated by?
What are pain receptors stimulated by?
physical damage or injury
What are thermoreceptors stimulated by
changes in temperature
What are mechanoreceptors stimulated by?
What are propioreceptors stimulated by?
stimulated by movemement of body parts
What is the main location of the free nerve endings?
skin and mucosa (epithelial layer)
What are the general senses of free nerve ending?
pain, crude touch, temperature, itch, tickle
What is the main location of Meissener's corpuscle ?
skin (in papillae of dermis), fingertips and lips
What are the general senses of Meisser's corpuscle?
fine touch to low frequency vibration
Ruffini's corpuscle's main location
Skin (dermal layer) and subcutaneous tissue of fingers
what are the general senses for Ruffini's corpuscle
touch and pressure
What is the main location of Pacinian corpuscle?
subcutaneous, submucous, tisues, around joints in mammary glands
What are the general senses of the pacinian corpuscle?
pressure and high frequency vibration
what is the main location of Krause's end-bulbs?
Skin (dermal layer) subcutaneous tissue, muscosa of lips, eyelids and external genitals
What are the general senses of krause's end bulbs?
touch and possibly cold
What is the main location of Gogi tendon receptors?
near junctions of tendons and muscles
What are the general senses of the golgi tendon receptors ?
proprioception (sense of muscle tension)
what is the main location of muscle spindles?
what are the general senses of muscle spindles?
proprioception (sense of muscle length)
Where are general sense organs found?
almost every part of the body
Where are the general sense organs concentrated?
in the skin
Explain what make proprioceptors a little different. Where are they found?
They are receptors in the tendons and because of this they lare located in the skeletal muscles
What is the specific receptor for the eye?
rods and cones
what is the specefic receptor for the ear?
organ of corti
what is the specific receptor for the nose?
what is the specifi receptor for the taste bud?
What are the types of receptors for the eye?
what are the types of receptors for the ear?
what are the types of receptors for the nose?
what are the types of receptors for the taste buds?
what are the three layers of they eye?
A brief description of the sclera
the white of the eye
A brief description of the choroid?
the part of the eye that parents the scattering of light that enters the eye
a brief description of the retina
contains microscopic photoreceptor cells
what is the conjuctiva
what does the lens do?
it helps us see and focus
what is the aqueous humor?
Fluid in front of the lens
jelly like substance behind the eye
What are rods and cones and what do they do?
Rods are receptors located in the retina that are responsible for night vision . Cones are receptor cells located in retina cells stimulated by light
What nerve do nerve impulese leave the eye from?
what is another name for optic disc
what does not exist in a blind spot
rods or cones
What function besides hearingis the ear responsible for
What are the three divisions of the ear?
where is the auricle located
side of the head
what is another name for typanic membrane
what does the ceriminous gland produce?
Name the three bones found in middle ear
What does the eustachian tube connect the middle ear to?
the throat to middle ear
what is perilmph
what are cristae ampullaris
Chemoreceptors are called
whatis the name of the special cells in taste buds
what are the four primary taste sensations
what other sense play a role in our taste?
THe chemoreceptors are called
Each olfactory cells has specialized _______ that detectssdifferentodors
Are olfactory receptors sensitive to smell?