Chapter Eight Quest Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter Eight Quest Deck (62):
0

what are general senses?

microscopic receptors throughout the body

1

What are special senses

large complex organs located groupings of specialized receptors

2

What are photoreceptors stimulated by?

light

3

What are chemoreceptors stimulated by?

chemicals

4

What are pain receptors stimulated by?

physical damage or injury

5

What are thermoreceptors stimulated by

changes in temperature

6

What are mechanoreceptors stimulated by?

mechanical stimuli

7

What are propioreceptors stimulated by?

stimulated by movemement of body parts

8

What is the main location of the free nerve endings?

skin and mucosa (epithelial layer)

9

What are the general senses of free nerve ending?

pain, crude touch, temperature, itch, tickle

10

What is the main location of Meissener's corpuscle ?

skin (in papillae of dermis), fingertips and lips

11

What are the general senses of Meisser's corpuscle?

fine touch to low frequency vibration

12

Ruffini's corpuscle's main location

Skin (dermal layer) and subcutaneous tissue of fingers

13

what are the general senses for Ruffini's corpuscle

touch and pressure

14

What is the main location of Pacinian corpuscle?

subcutaneous, submucous, tisues, around joints in mammary glands

15

What are the general senses of the pacinian corpuscle?

pressure and high frequency vibration

16

what is the main location of Krause's end-bulbs?

Skin (dermal layer) subcutaneous tissue, muscosa of lips, eyelids and external genitals

17

What are the general senses of krause's end bulbs?

touch and possibly cold

18

What is the main location of Gogi tendon receptors?

near junctions of tendons and muscles

19

What are the general senses of the golgi tendon receptors ?

proprioception (sense of muscle tension)

20

what is the main location of muscle spindles?

skeletal muscles

21

what are the general senses of muscle spindles?

proprioception (sense of muscle length)

22

Where are general sense organs found?

almost every part of the body

23

Where are the general sense organs concentrated?

in the skin

24

Explain what make proprioceptors a little different. Where are they found?

They are receptors in the tendons and because of this they lare located in the skeletal muscles

25

What is the specific receptor for the eye?

rods and cones

26

what is the specefic receptor for the ear?

organ of corti

27

what is the specific receptor for the nose?

olfactory cells

28

what is the specifi receptor for the taste bud?

gustory cells

29

What are the types of receptors for the eye?

photoreceptors

30

what are the types of receptors for the ear?

mechanoreceptors

31

what are the types of receptors for the nose?

Chemoreceptors

32

what are the types of receptors for the taste buds?

chemoreceptors

33

what are the three layers of they eye?

sclera
chlora
retina

34

A brief description of the sclera

the white of the eye

35

A brief description of the choroid?

the part of the eye that parents the scattering of light that enters the eye

36

a brief description of the retina

contains microscopic photoreceptor cells

37

what is the conjuctiva

mucous membrane

38

what does the lens do?

it helps us see and focus

39

what is the aqueous humor?

Fluid in front of the lens

40

vitreous humor

jelly like substance behind the eye

41

What are rods and cones and what do they do?

Rods are receptors located in the retina that are responsible for night vision . Cones are receptor cells located in retina cells stimulated by light

42

What nerve do nerve impulese leave the eye from?

photoreceptors

43

what is another name for optic disc

blind spot

44

what does not exist in a blind spot

rods or cones

45

What function besides hearingis the ear responsible for

balance

46

What are the three divisions of the ear?

External
middle
inner

47

where is the auricle located

side of the head

48

what is another name for typanic membrane

ear drum

49

what does the ceriminous gland produce?

cereum

50

Name the three bones found in middle ear

Malleus
incus
stapes

51

What does the eustachian tube connect the middle ear to?

the throat to middle ear

52

what is perilmph

watery fluid

53

what are cristae ampullaris

receptors

54

Chemoreceptors are called

taste buds

55

whatis the name of the special cells in taste buds

gustatory cells

56

what are the four primary taste sensations

sweet
salty
sour
bitter

57

what other sense play a role in our taste?

smell

58

Smell
THe chemoreceptors are called

olfactory receptors

59

Each olfactory cells has specialized _______ that detectssdifferentodors

cilia

60

Are olfactory receptors sensitive to smell?

yess

61

What happens to odors we initially notice the longer we are around those doors

We become accustomed to them and adapt so we don't notice