Chapter Three Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter Three Vocab Deck (29):
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Organ

group of several tissue types that performs a speical function

1

system

group of organs arranged so that the group can perform a more complex function than any one organ can perform alone

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integumentary system

the skin; the largest and most important organ in the body

3

appendages

something that is attached

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skeletal system

the bones, cartilage and ligaments that provide the body with a rigid framework for support and protection

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joints

articulation

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muscular system

the muscles of the body

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voluntary muscle

the contractions in the muscle are under conscious control

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smooth muscle/ involuntary muscle

tissue found in blood vessel walls, other tubular structures, and in the lining of the hollow organs such as the stomach and small intestine

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cardiac muscle

the specialized muscle tissue of the heart

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nervous system

the brain, spinal cord and the organs

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nerve impules

specialized signals that communicate between body functions, integrate body function control body functions and recognize sensory stimuli

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stimuli

things that affect the body

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sense organs

generate nervous impulses that travel to the brain or spinal cord where analysis or relay occurs and, if needed, appropriate action is initiated.

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endocrine system

specialized glands that secrete chemicals known as hormones directly into the blood

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hormones

substance secreted by an endocrine gland

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cardiovascular system

the heart and a closed system of vessels made up of arteries, veins and capillaries

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Lymphatic System

composeed of lymph nodes, lymphatic vessels, and specialized lymphatic organs like the tonsils, thymus and spleen

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thoracic duct

larges lymphatic duct in the body

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Respiratory system

nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi and lungs .

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alvioli

tiny thin walled sacs of the lungs

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digestive system

the primaryorgans and the secondary or accesory organs

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GI tract

a tube open at both ends in the digestive system

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feces

undigested residue

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Urinary system

include the kidney , ureters , bladder and urethra

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urine

waste product produced by the kidney

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reproductive system

different from the normal function of other organs systems of the body

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sperm

male sex cells

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ovaries

female sex cells