Chapter 9 Flashcards Preview

Anatomy > Chapter 9 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (27):
0

endocrine system

the series of ductless glands are found in the body

1

Hormones

substances secreted by an endocrine gland and responding to it

2

Target organ

organ or cell acted on by a particular hormones

3

Hyper-secretion

too much of a substance is being secreted

4

hyposecretion

too little of a substance is being secreted

5

Protein hormone

first messengers provides communication between endocrine glands and target organs

6

steroid hormone

lipid soluble hormones that pass intact thorugh the cell membrane of the targetcell and influence cel activity by acting on specific genes

7

second messenger hypothysis

provide communication within hormone target cells

8

cyclic amp

one of several messeges that delivers info inside a cell and thus regulates cell activity

9

pituitary glands

endocrine gland located in the skull madeup of the ademonypohysis and the neurohypopysis

10

adenohypophysis

anterior pituitary gland, which has the structure of which has the structure of endocrine gland

11

neuropophysis

posterior pituitary gland

12

Tropic hormone

hormone that stimulates another endocrine gland to grow and secrete hormones

13

hypoglycemia

lower than normal blood glucose concentration

14

Hyperglycemia

higher than normal blood glucose concentration

15

Diabetes insipidus

condition resulting form hypo secretion from hyposecretion of ADHD

16

hypercalcemia

a condition in which ther is harmful excess of calcium in blood

17

adrenal cortex

outer portion of adrenal gland that secretes that secretes hormones called cotocolas

18

adolsterone

hormone that stimulates the kidney to retain some sodium ions in water

19

Gluconeogenesis

formation of glycogen form glucose or other mono sachorides

20

androgens

male sex hormones

21

adrenal medulla

inner portion of adrenal gland that secretes ephilphrme

22

Islets of Lengerhans (pancreas)

endocrine portion of the abdominal contains pancreticislets made up of alpha and beta cells among others

23

diabetes mellitus

a condition resulting when the pancreatic islets of secretes too little insulin , resultingin increaes level of sucrose

24

gycosuria

glucose in urine; a sign diabetes mellitus

25

corupus luteum

a hormone secreting glandular structure transformed afterovulation from ruptured follicle

26

Chorion

develop into an important membrane in the placenta