Chapter 10 test Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10 test Deck (37):
0

What carries blood away from the heart and towards the capillaries

arteries

1

carries blood towards the heart and away from the capillaries

veins

2

what is general circulation

Heart to arteries to arterioles to capillaries to capillary bed to capillaries to ventricles to vein back to the heart

3

what is pulmonary circulation

Right atrium to right ventricle to pulmonary arteries to lungs to pulmonary veins

4

Pulmonary circulation begins with ________ blood and ends with ________ oxygenated

deoxygenated, oxygenated

5

What are the steps to systemic circulation?

Left atrium to left ventricle to aorta to body to superieor vena cava back to right atrium

6

Systemic circulation begins with _________ blood and ends with ________ blood

oxygenated, deoxygenated

7

Which circulation refers to the route of blood flow through the liver?

Hepatic portal circulation

8

Which organs from the abdominal region do not go directs into the inferior vena cava

spleen
pancreas
gall bladder
stomach
intestines

9

Once in the liver the blood goes through a second ________ _____ before returning to its normal route

Capillary bed

10

What two things are removed form the blood during its stop at the liver?

Glucose (stores it as glycogen)

Waste (remove and detoxify them)

11

How does the fetus secure food and oxygen?

the mother's blood

12

Blood pressure is highest in the _______ and lowest in the _______

artener , veings

13

What are some dangers of blood pressure that is too high

rupture of blood vessels

14

What are some dangers of blood pressure that is too low?

Circulation and life cease

15

What are the four major factors that influence blood pressure?

blood volume
heart beat
streght of each contraction
thickness of blood

16

What is the normal average arterial blood pressure?

120/80

17

What is the systolic number

120

18

what is the diastolic number ?

80

19

What is happening during the systolic number

contracting

20

what is happening during the diastolic number?

relaxing

21

What carried blood from arterioles to venules ?

capillaries

22

What are arterioles ?

smaller arteries that bring the blood to the capillary bed

23

What are the venules

smaller veins that carries the bloodto capillary beds

24

what happens in the capillary beds?

the exchange of molecules

25

What is the largest artery in the body?

aorta

26

What are the largest veins in the body ?

vena cava

27

What are the major arteries of the head and neck?

Occipital
Left common cartoid

28

WHat are the major arteries of the thorax?

Brachiocephalic

29

What are the major arteries of the Abdomen?

celiac
renal

30

What are the major arteries of the upper extremities ?

axillary

31

What are the major arteries of the lower extremities ?

popliteal
anterior tibeal

32

What are the major veins of the head and neck?

internal jugular

33

What are the major veins of the thorax?

subclavlin
pulmonary

34

What are the major veins of the abdomen?

splenic
hepatic portal

35

What are the major veins of the upper extremity ?

basilic

36

what are the major veins of the lower extremityy

peroneal