The Skeletal System Flashcards Preview

Anatomy > The Skeletal System > Flashcards

Flashcards in The Skeletal System Deck (30):
0

What are the five functions of the skeletal system?

support
protection
movement
storage
homopoesis

1

how does the skeletal system support the body?

bones form the body's framework

2

how does the skeletal system protect the body?

it defends the structures within them

3

how does the skeletal system move the body?

muscles are anchored firmly to the bones

4

how does the skeletal system store things in the body?

it maintains homeostasis of the blood calcium

5

how does the skeletal system help homeopoiesis?

they process bloood

6

What are the four types of bone

long
short
flat
irregular

7

whats an example of the long bone?

humerous

8

whats an example of a short bone

carpals; tarsals

9

whats an example of the flat bones

frontal bone;

10

whats an example of an irregular bone

spine

11

S.A.
How do the osteocytes, lacunae and canliculi all work together to get nutrients to the bones?

osteocytecs travel through central canals into lacunae within lacunae there are passageways ; canaliculi, (they connnect everything) THey connect one canal to another for your bones to use another day

12

what are the bones of the thorax?

true ribs
false ribs
sternum

13

how many true ribs are there

14; 7 sets

14

how many false ribs are there

10; five pairs

15

what are ribs attached to

they are attached by cartilage tot he sternum

16

what do we all the bottom 2 pairs of ribs? Why?

floating ribs they have no anterior cartilage

17

what are at least two difference between the male and femal pelvis?

the pelvic inlet and pelvic outlet are both normally wider in female and male, A man's pelvis is shaped something like a funnel, but a woman's pelvis has a broader shallow shape like a basin

18

why do the male and female pelvis differ?

the female's pelvis is made so that the body of a baby can pass through

19

what are the three types of joints?

synarthosis; amphiarthroses, diathrosis

20

what kind of movement does synarthroses have

none

21

what kind of movement does amphirathroses have

slight

22

what kind of movement does diathrosis have

free

23

what are the 6 types of diarthroses

ball and socket
hinge
pivot
saddle
gliding
condyloid

24

what is an example of a ball and socket joint

shoulder

25

what is an example of a hinge joint

elbow; knee

26

what is an example of the pivot joint

neck

27

what is an example of the saddle joint

thumb

28

what is an example of a gliding joint

wrist; ankles

29

what is an example of a condyloid joint

wrist