Chapter 10 - Local Government Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10 - Local Government Deck (17):
1

Define Multi-Level Governance

A system of decision making where policy is formulated at different levels (Local, regional, national, supranational)

2

What are quangos?

Quasi-autonomous non governmental organisations responsible for a certain area of public policy

3

Define Local Government

A system in which elected local authorities provide local services directly, and are accountable to voters at local elections

4

Define Local Governance

A system in which a range of bodies and networks are involved in the provision of local services

5

What year was there significant reorganisation and establishment of two tier system in local government?

1974

6

When were unitary authorities introduced (and what are they)?

Single tier of local government, 1990s

7

How many unitary authorities are there in the UK?

55

8

How many county councils are there in the UK?

27

9

How many district councils are there in the UK?

201

10

How many metropolitan boroughs are there in the UK?

36

11

How many local authorities have directly elected mayors?

15

12

How much of the local authority income is made up of grants from the government?

55%

13

How much of the local authority income is made up of council tax?

25%

14

How much of the local authority income is made up of taxation of business properties?

20%

15

What are 5 issues local authorities are responsible for?

Education
Social services
Housing
Roads
Planning
Enviromental health (ie. refuse)
Leisure services

16

Define Enabling authorities

Local authorities that set the framework in which other bodies provide local services, but do not provide all these services themselves (part of enabling authority model)

17

Define traditional local democracy

Traditionally: Elected local authorities should be responsible for providing local services, but low turnout at local elections and local authorities losing power made this model problematic

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