Chapter 11 - The UK and the European Union Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11 - The UK and the European Union Deck (25):
1

When did the UK first apply for EU membership?

1961

2

Why did the UK first apply to the EEC?

Declining importance of the Commonwealth
UK's declining influence in world affairs
Success of EEC
Pressure from US gov

3

Who led the UK into negotiations in the Maastrich treaty and saw it as an opportunity?

Major

4

When did sterling exit the ERM?

1992

5

Which PMs have struggled to hold the pro-European and Eurosceptic wings of their party together?

Thatcher, Major and Cameron

6

Who agreed the Amsterdam Treaty?

Blair

7

What condition did Blair attach to QMV in several treaty agreements?

That the UK would have a veto on matters of 'vital national interest'

8

Conflict in where persuaded the UK to become a prime mover in the creation of a European Security and Defence Policy?

Kosovo

9

Which 5 economic tests did Brown layout for entry to the Eurozone (Name 3)

Sustainable convergence
Sufficient economic flexibility
Impact on investment in the UK
Impact of financial services
The impact on employment

10

When was the European Union Act passed?

2011

11

The UK has the right under what treaty to opt out of EU policy?

Lisbon Treaty

12

The Eurozone crisis prompted what two moves towards fiscal union in 2011 and 2013?

Euro Plus Pact
Fiscal compact

13

In what year did Cameron veto plans for an EU treaty on fiscal union?

2012

14

What different factors contribute towards Britain's 'awkwardness' within the EU?

History & Culture
Wariness of further integration
Limited influence in EU negotiations
Weak elite consensus
Limited popular support

15

Name the four different forms of sovereignty is used in debates on Europe

National
Parliamentary
Popular
Economic

16

While Eurosceptics consider sovereignty an absolute matter, Pro-Europeans consider it...

A kind of legal concept

17

What is the term used to refer to collective sovereignty within Europe, used by Pro-Europeans?

Pooled sovereignty

18

Which act gave future EU law legal force in the UK?

European Communities Act 1972

19

UK ministers cannot agree to EU legislation which...

Has not been debated in the House of Commons or cleared by the House of Commons European Scrutiny Committee

20

How has the EU strengthened the position of the PM?

He attends European Council meetings and helps shape key policy objectives

21

Local government has benefited from which EU fund?

The EU Structural Fund

22

Responsibilities of the UK's relation with the EU are reserved for Westminster, meaning that....

Devolved bodies must be separately consulted on matter concerning the environment etc

23

Which political party initially supported EU membership while it's main competitor opposed it?

Conservatives

24

When did Labour call for a withdrawal from the EEC in their manifesto?

1983

25

Is there currently much party competition with the main two parties over Europe?

Both leaders have taken a pro-European stance, but the Conservative party is being pulled apart by opposing views on the matter

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