Chapter 11 - The Institutions of the EU Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11 - The Institutions of the EU Deck (25):
1

What are the key parts of the European Commission?

President of the European Commission
College of Commissioners
Directorates-general (these cover the 33 policy areas)

2

Which is the executive body of the EU, and the only EU body that can draft legislation?

The European Commission

3

Which EU body is considered the 'guardian of the treaties'?

The European Commission

4

Which EU body represents the EU on the world stage?

The European Commission

5

Define European Union Law

The laws of the European Union contained in treaties, secondary legislation and decisions of the Court of Justice

6

How many act as civil servants in service to the European Commission?

23,000

7

Which EU body administers EU expenditure and collects revenue?

The European Commission

8

When was the European Commission accused of fraud, leading to resignations en masse of the Santer Committee?

1999

9

What is the main decision making body of the EU?

The Council of the European Union

10

How many sectoral committees are there within the Council of the European Union? Name 3

10
General Affairs
Foreign Affairs
Economic and Finance Affairs

11

How is the Council of the European Union led?

Team presidency (3 states cooperating for 18 months)

12

Which two EU bodies share legislative power (approving legislature proposed by the European Commission)

Council of the European Union and European Parliament

13

What body organises the broad economic policy for member states and develops common foreign and security policy?

Council of the European Union

14

Which body is the meeting place for the 28 heads of government?

European Council

15

Who is the president of the European Council?

Donald Tusk

16

Which body sets the agenda and political direction in the EU?

European Council

17

Which is the EU's only directly elected institution?

The European Parliament

18

How many MEPs are there?

751 (73 from the UK)

19

Which EU bodies have budgetary authority?

European Parliament and Council of the European Union

20

Which EU body holds the role of democratic supervision?

European Parliament

21

What kind of vote is used in European Parliament to approve legislation?

Simple Majority Vote

22

What are the key roles of any Parliament?

Representing the people
Legislating
Legitimising the political system
Holding the executive to account

23

What three courts does the Court of Justice consist of?

The Court of Justice
The General Court
The Civil Service Tribunal

24

Most cases are heard by 3-5 judges in CoJ, how many justices are there?

28

25

In what case was it ruled EEC law couldn't be overruled by national law?

Costa v ENEL (1964)

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