Flashcards in Chapter 3 - Internal Party Democracy Deck (20):
Define Internal Party Democracy
A measure of the extent to which rank and file members have genuine power within a given party
Who proposed the current way in which Conservative leaders are currently elected?
William Hague (1998)
Explain in 3 points how Conservative party leaders are elected
-Current MPs are nominated and seconded
-A series of ballots is held within Conservative MPs (lowest eliminated each time)
-Individual party members choose between the final two candidates
Why is the electoral system for Conservative party leaders flawed?
Members don't represent the electorate (smaller membership numbers)
MPs can tactically vote (EG. 2001- Ian Duncan Smith's supporters got Kenneth Clarke through to final 2- obvious Duncan Smith would win)
Explain in 3 points how Labour party leaders are elected
-1/3 of the vote is given to Parliamentary Labour party, 1/3 to affiliated organisations, 1/3 to members
-Candidates need support from 12.5% of MPs (20% to challenge)
-Use of AV- if no majority- lowest candidate eliminated, etc.
Define Affiliated Organisations
Groups that are formally linked to the Labour party without their members holding regular membership. Egs= Trade Unions & the Cooperative Society
What are the advantages of the Labour leader election system? Name 3
Individual members on equal footing with MPs
Union vote is now reduced
Unions and affiliated associations still have a say
What are the disadvantages of the Labour leader election system? Name 3
There are far more individual party members than MPs/MEPs
Unions still have a huge say though their members don't regularly vote for the party
May be no election where only one candidate is nominated (eg Brown)
A candidate can win without majority support from either PLP or members
How are Lib Dem leaders elected? (3 points)
-Candidates need to be nominated by 200 members from 20 constituencies and need 10% of the Parliamentary party's support
How are candidates selected in the Conservative party?
-Get onto 'approved' list after interview,
-apply to a CA constituency, get onto a short list
-win support from activists at party meeting
Define what A-lists did? (Cons)
Required Conservatives to include women and ethnic minorities on their shortlists
What are Husting events? (Cons)
Where party activists can pass judgement on prospective candidates
What are Open Primaries? (Cons)
Safe seats (eg. Totnes 2009)- all constituency members voted for a Conservative candidate so they could have some say (cost £38,000)
How are candidates selected in the Labour Party?
-Prospective candidates have to register with the NEC approved list
-Const LP then draw up shortlists
-Preferred candidates are chosen under the OMOV system
How are candidates selected in the Lib Dem Party?
-Vetted by their national party
-Candidates can then apply to a constituency of their choice
-Ballot on shortlisted candidates then taken
Which MPs were deselected in 1986 under Neil Kinnock?
Dave Nellist and Terry Fields
How is policy formulated in the Conservative Party?
There is a national Policy Forum (created by William Hague), which uses greater consultation to make more informed policy decision
What did John Major say of his party's 1992 General Election manifesto?
'It was all me'
How is policy formulated in the Labour Party?
From 1997 Labour has had policy making events every two years. Policy formulated, then approved by NEC and then passed onto conference for approval