Chapter 8 - Theories of Executive Power Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8 - Theories of Executive Power Deck (10):
1

Define Cabinet Government

Executive power is vested in a cabinet whose members exercise collective responsibility (PM first among equals)

2

Define Prime Ministerial Government

A system of government in which the PM is the dominant actor in the executive. The PM sets the direction of government and makes major decision. Cabinet is able to advise and warn the PM, but doesn't decide policy

3

Define the Core Executive

Heart of the Government, made up of organisations and actors who coordinate central gov activity.

4

Which roles/groups are part of the Core Executive? (Name 4)

PM
Cabinet
Cabinet Committees
Bilateral Meetings
PM's Office
Top Civil Servants

5

The Core Executive Model

Says that the argument on if we have a PM or Cabinet Gov is flawed- everyone is co-dependent

6

Who argues Thatcher's downfall was inevitable thanks to her inability to recognise co-dependence?

Martin Smith

7

What factors have made it more difficult for the PM to control policy?

Devolution
EU Power
Bank of England's Monetary Policy Committee sets interest rates
Privitisation

8

Explain Prime Ministerial Predominance

PM is predominant figure of the core exec. But PM cannot have a monopoly of power- gov is a collective endeavour. PM just controls policy agenda- not whole government

9

Who argues that the British Prime Minister has become more presidential?

Michael Foley

10

Which trends are central to presedentialisation?

Personalised leadership- PM expected to impose a personal vision
Public outreach- Political leaders are public commodities
Spatial leadership- distance between PM and their party/government

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