Flashcards in Chapter 2 - Voting Behaviour Deck (11):
Define Social Class
A social group defined by social and economic status
What is the difference between Class Voting and Partisanship?
People vote for their natural class party vs people vote how their family vote/how they were influenced by social factors
Since which year has class and partisan attachment begun to waver?
Explain Class Dealingment
In recent years, class boundaries have eroded & people have stopped limiting themselves to a certain party because of class (in 1951: 96% of WC voted Labour)
Explain Partisan Dealingment
The number of voters that identify strongly with a certain party has declined (1964- 43% very strong supporters of a party, by 2005 only 13% were)
Name 4 social factors that can effect voting
Gender, Age, Ethnicity, Region, Class
Explain the rational choice model of voting behaviour
A focus on the actions of rational individuals who pursue their own interests
Define Issue Voting
People compare party policy and vote for the one with the closest ideas to their own
Define Valence Issues
Issues on which the main parties are in broad agreement. The model claims that voter judgements on trustworthiness are therefore crucial, and argues there is a deep concern with competency of leaders and the party
Define Economic Voting
This model claims voters are more likely to vote for the current government if they're in a good economic state.